Chinese wage inflation has become something of a hot topic after Honda and Foxconn both decided to increase worker salaries this week – in Foxconn’s case by as much as 30 per cent. And now the Chinese union of KFC workers is also demanding more cash.
So will rising wages nudge China’s crown as factory of the world? And is it a boon for its neighbours?
Stephen Green at Standard Chartered disagrees. His bank surveyed manufacturers in China’s Guangdong earlier in the year about wages. They majority of those asked said they were expecting pay to rise by around 10 per cent. And while a few Chinese firms and multinationals have tentatively started to peer over the borders into Vietnam, Thailand or across to Indonesia, most companies thought that any relocation would be within China.
China’s economic growth has long been concentrated around the eastern coastal cities and around the Pearl and Yangzi river deltas. But now companies are increasingly looking inland, to provinces such as Sichuan, Inner Mongolia and the vast city of Chongqing, egged on by aggressive local governments and encouraged from Beijing.
Wage inflation is good news because it, first, helps spread the economic activity across the rest of the Chinese mainland – something the government has actively pursued by spending billions of dollars on improving road and rail infrastructure. Second, it means China can move towards a consumer-driven economy – something the US and Europe have been hoping for. As Green puts it: “Higher wages mean that now a worker in a Nike factory can go out and buy a motorbike, or a television”.
But what about profitability? Andrew Wong of Quam Securities told Hong Kong’s The Standard newspaper today:
“The rise in labor costs should be reflected in company results in the second and third quarters. If labor accounts for about a third of a company’s total costs, a salary increase will greatly affect its profit.”
Higher wages will hit manufacturing margins, but StanChart estimates that wages make up just 10-15 per cent of factory overheads. So while increasing wage costs are not a disaster for companies, they could still cause some headaches. Unless of course, they make motorbikes or televisions.
Change is finally afoot for China’s workers – FT
Video: Why China’s labour system is broken – FT
Wage increases likely to become the norm, says MSI CEO – beyondbrics