Mining has been the backbone of the recent growth of Bolivia and Peru. It also seems to be potential money spinner for their Andean neighbour, Ecuador. But despite certain ideological similarities, when it comes to mining, the approaches of their leaders seem to differ.
In Bolivia, after some protracted protests, the government of Evo Morales on Thursday signed a decree authorizing the seizure of a silver deposit operated by South American Silver, part of a Canadian mining group. Continue reading »
That was then
Bolivia looked friendly enough back in 2007 when India’s Jindal Steel & Power Ltd secured 40-year development rights to the El Mutún mine, considered one of the largest untapped iron ore deposits in the world.
But after years of disputes with the leftwing government of Evo Morales, the steel giant has pulled the plug on the $2.1bn mining venture – the single biggest foreign investment in Bolivia. It blamed the decision on the Andean nation’s “non-friendly business attitude.” Continue reading »
It’s been a bad week for mining in Bolivia.
President Evo Morales’ government moved 600 troops to the site of Glencore’s Colquiri tin mine on Friday after 15 people were wounded in ongoing protests between two sets of miners.
Company miners want to “nationalise” the site, which is already owned by state mining company Comibol, but operated by Glencore. Co-operative miners who want access to more parts of the site oppose the move. Continue reading »
By Luis Alberto Arce, finance minister of Bolivia
With a popular mandate to recuperate natural resources and strategic enterprises, the Bolivian government has since 2006 implemented a consistent policy of nationalisation of former state enterprises that were privatised in the early 1990s.
We have not nationalised, nor will we nationalise, genuine investments in the private sector, either domestic or foreign. Continue reading »
Last year was a great year for Latin America attracting foreign investment – a new report published by the UN’s Economic Commission for Latin America and the Caribbean found funds coming into the region hit a historic high of $153bn, representing 10 per cent of total global flows.
The 2011 figure is a 12 per cent increase on the previous record of $137bn in FDI to the region, set in 2008. Even better news is that ECLAC predicts that amount “could be exceeded this year”.
But the downside is that, despite the rate at which money is flowing in, multinational companies are also repatriating profits speedily. Continue reading »
Is Bolivian president Evo Morales the poster boy for Latin America’s extreme left? Or for orthodox macroeconomic management?
Morales, a charismatic former coca union leader who swept to power in 2006 on promises to rebalance centuries of inequality, can do fiery rhetoric as well as his leftist allies Rafael Correa of Ecuador and Hugo Chavez of Venezuela. But just as Morales swapped his bobbly batwing jumpers for tailored suits with an indigenous fabric trim, has he taken a more conservative line when it comes to Bolivia’s bottom line?
Many economists would say yes. Continue reading »
When an avalanche of Spanish capital turned up on Latin America’s doorstep over the turn of the century, naysayers shuddered at headlines that welcomed the “New Conquistadors”. Latin America seemed to many to be a risky bet for Spanish banks, energy and telecommunications companies by comparison with the comfort zone provided by European markets.
Instead, the steady growth of Latin America has provided welcome relief for Spanish companies from the financial turmoil at home. But in recent weeks troubles in the old country have appeared to clip the wings of the Spanish companies in LatAm. A weakened Spain, indeed, seems to have lost political clout in the region. Continue reading »
Evo Morales has gone and done it again. The president of Bolivia has nationalised a local unit of Spain’s Red Electrica, “in honour of all Bolivian people.”
This is not the first time. Two years ago Morales nationalised four electric companies – two of which were foreign – at the “thunderous request of the people”.
In fact, one might argue May Day nationalisations are becoming something of a habit in Bolivia. Continue reading »
Calling all bond-buyers out there: there’s a new sovereign coming to market soon. Boasts solid growth (5.1 per cent last year); six years of fiscal surplus, manageable public debt levels, rising central bank reserves and ratings agencies Moody’s and Standard & Poor’s both give it a positive outlook.
Its name? Bolivia. Continue reading »
The arrival of more than 1,000 Amazonian protestors in Bolivia’s chilly Andean capital has put Evo Morales between a jungle and a hard place.
The charismatic president rose to power as a champion of Bolivia’s repressed indigenous majority and the environment.
But lately indigenous protesters – and environmentalists – are causing him no end of grief. Morales wants to build a 185-mile highway through an Amazonian reserve as part of modernisation drive. Continue reading »
Finance ministers and central bankers from the Unasur South American regional bloc will meet in Buenos Aires on Friday – their second meeting in as many weeks – with what looks on paper like a mission impossible: agreeing joint responses to the financial crisis from a bloc with disparate political and economic visions. Continue reading »
First they came for the gas and oil. Then they came for the telecoms, the electricity and the pensions. Now the state has come for the media.
On Friday, Bolivia’s Congress moved to tighten the government’s grip over the airwaves, passing a law that will shrink the availability of licences to private television and radio stations. Left-wing President Evo Morales has said he will sign it. Continue reading »
Cerro Rico, a mountain towering over the Bolivian city of Potosí, was once the world’s greatest treasure trove, a mine that for centuries bankrolled the Spanish empire.
But now, over 450 years after the first hole was drilled, it is in danger of collapsing. Intense mining has turned this soaring Andean peak into a honeycomb of gaping tunnels that threatens to cave in. For Bolivia, which has been riding the commodity price boom, the news could not have come at a worst time. Continue reading »