central banks

By Márcio Garcia of PUC-Rio and Tony Volpon of Nomura

Since the “taper tantrum” of May 2013, emerging markets have been under pressure. While not configuring a 1990’s style “sudden stop”, with most EM FX markets doing better since the beginning of this year, the prospects for eventual monetary normalization by the US Federal Reserve nevertheless pose challenges for EM economies. Brazil has had specific problems during this period, showing a marked deterioration in macro fundamentals, with falling growth and rising current account deficits. For many investors, this has earned it an unfortunate place among so-called “fragile” countries.

Brazil’s central bank (BCB) has adopted a unique intervention strategy to face these pressures, which we analyse in a recent working paperContinue reading »

Raghuram Rajan, governor of the Reserve Bank of India, accuses policy makers in the developed world of lacking co-ordination. But how do EM central bankers stack up and how will their behaviour shape investment decisions?

“You have to be selective this year,” says Michael Ganske, head of emerging markets at Rogge Global Partners, a fixed income fund with $59bn under management – and the selection process begins with an assessment of a country’s economic fundamentals and the credibility of its financial policy makers.

With that in mind, here is a beyondbrics rundown of the guiders, the reactors and the mavericks at key EM central banks currently battling turmoil on financial markets. Continue reading »

As emerging markets remain rattled by investor jitters, Raghuram Rajan, India’s central bank governor, has resurrected a gripe of old by attacking the US for its lack of concern about the global impact of its withdrawal of extraordinary monetary stimulus.

Mr Rajan, a former chief economist for the International Monetary Fund, told Bloomberg India TV that “international monetary co-operation has broken down.”

“Industrial countries have to play a part in restoring that [co-operation], and they can’t at this point wash their hands off and say, we’ll do what we need to and you do the adjustment.” Continue reading »

One of the less remarked-on pieces of news out of Turkey on Wednesday was a statement from the central bank that it has ditched its “additional monetary tightening” facility, under which its overnight interest rate used to be bumped up a bit from time to time in a not very transparent manner.

In so doing, the CBRT has removed one more out of several unorthodox aspects of its monetary policy that have so bothered investors. But how complete is the bank’s conversion to the straight and narrow? Continue reading »

Russia has picked a symbol for the rouble kitting out the five centuries old national currency with a contemporary new look to rival the US dollar ($), the British pound (£) and the Japanese yen (¥) . It’s time for traders to take the rouble more seriously.

Hit by hyperinflation in the chaotic early 1990s and then by repeated devaluations, Russia’s rouble has become associated with trouble since the Soviet Union collapsed. Continue reading »

For the second month running and the third time this year, the Bank of Mexico has cut its key interest rate, bringing it to a new historic low of 3.5 per cent in a widely-expected move aimed at giving a boost to economic growth.

The 25 point cut followed a surprise cut of the same size on September 6 after the economy shrank in the second quarter for the first time in four years. The bank also cut by 50 basis points in March. Continue reading »

Colombia’s central bank on Friday left its key interest rate unchanged at 3.25 per cent for a sixth straight month. The decision, which was widely expected following last week’s strong growth data, was unanimous.

In its bid to revive economic activity – which had slowed after reaching almost 6 per cent in 2011 – the central bank cut its benchmark rate by 2 percentage points between July 2012 and March 2013, to the lowest among major Latin American economies. Continue reading »

By Istvan Horvath

In recent years the most important central banks have been striving to offer predictability. Their major task has been to guide expectations. The Hungarian National Bank is trying to re-establish exactly this tradition after a near-silent transition phase following the changes in its leadership this spring.

Successfully riding a supportive external environment, since August 2012 it has managed to cut its base rate from 7 per cent to 3.60 per cent, an all time low, after a 20 basis point cut on Tuesday. But every good story must come to an end, and this easing cycle will end soon. Continue reading »

By Hemindra Hazari of Nirmal Bang Institutional Equities

Since Raghuram Rajan took over as governor of the Reserve Bank of India on September 4, the battered rupee and India’s badly bruised stock and bond markets have staged a sharp recovery. Markets, it seems, believe the governor can restore confidence and revive inflows of foreign capital. Continue reading »

Ajith Nivard Cabraal, the Sri Lankan central bank governor, is on a mission – to China.

As the world waits for the US Federal Reserve to start “tapering” its $85bn monthly bond purchase programme – the prospect of which has hit many emerging market currencies including the Sri Lankan rupee – Cabraal is heading to China to attract more investment to the south Asian economy. Continue reading »

By Taimur Baig of Deutsche Bank

India should consider itself lucky to have a man of Raghuram Rajan’s intellectual prowess to head its central bank, as announced this week, at such a precarious moment. Rajan will need all his academic and operational experience (professor at the University of Chicago, chief economist at the IMF, chief economic advisor at the India’s finance ministry) to rise to the occasion. He will also need one more attribute that I will discuss at the end of this piece. Continue reading »

A snap view of what the markets think of Raghuram Rajan and the task awaiting him as he prepares to take on the top job at India’s central bank. Continue reading »

Before Raghuram Rajan takes up the top job at the Reserve Bank of India, what can we tell from his own writing about what kind of governor he will be?

In other words: what advice has he been dishing out, now he’ll be on the receiving end? Continue reading »

The new governor of India’s central bank has built a reputation as a world-class economist during a quarter century of teaching and writing – helped along by one explosive speech in 2005. Here is a potted biography in six short chapters. Continue reading »

As African central bank governors go, few have a higher profile than Lamido Sanusi – and few have courted more controversy. Appointed in the midst of a debt crisis in 2009, his bold moves to fix Nigeria’s crisis-stricken banks toppled the chief executives of eight local lenders, and he’s not one to tiptoe around the political elite either.

 Continue reading »