development

“Anyone who says that Africa is missing the Millennium Development Goals is missing the point.” You might expect such a tart statement about a canonical organising principle of development policy to come from one of the aid industry’s many curmudgeonly sceptics.

That it came instead from Jan Vandemoortele, a Belgian economist who helped create the United Nations MDGs in the first place, raises questions whether propagating a single set of targets to drive government policy across the entire developing and emerging world is worth doing at all. The “sustainable development goals”, successors to the MDGs, are currently being developed, but the unfortunate signs are that they will be yet more complex and yet less meaningful than the originals.

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CDC, the UK government-owned development finance institution, has invested $17m in the South African transport and logistics company Grindrod, backing the development of roads, railways and ports across sub-Saharan Africa that could boost the region’s competitiveness and create jobs.

The investment marks the start of a strategic partnership between Johannesburg-listed Grindrod and CDC, which says it has the appetite to invest over $100m through the alliance as and when suitable projects emerge. Continue reading »

By Pablo Sanguinetti of CAF and UTDT

A long time ago, a reporter is said to have asked the Argentine writer Jorge Luis Borges, “Who is Borges?” To which the characteristically subtle answer was: “A forgotten man, from a forgotten time, from a forgotten continent”. With economic growth in Latin America having decelerated to 4.6 per cent in 2011, to 2.9 per cent in 2012, to 2.7 per cent in 2013 and with commentators dismissing the growth momentum of the preceding decade as a commodity-driven fluke, the region seems indeed to be on a path to oblivion. Continue reading »

By Harjit Gill of Philips

In southeast Asia today, most countries face a difficult dilemma: should limited resources be used to combat the rapid growth of non-communicable diseases (NCDs) that take such a terrible toll on human life and economic development, or should those resources go toward expanded efforts to reduce the debilitating effects of poverty?

Some say it’s an either/or proposition but that’s a false choice. The truth is, you can’t achieve one without the other. Economic vitality helps create and support innovative and effective healthcare systems but no country can succeed economically without a healthy workforce. Health and wealth must go hand in hand. Continue reading »

From the ‘hopeless’ to the ‘hopeful’ continent, a decade of strong growth has changed perceptions of sub-Saharan African economies – not least among international investors, who have rushed to recent Eurobond offerings from the likes of Zambia and Rwanda. Rubbing against the optimism though are criticisms that the growth achieved has been far from inclusive, with human development lagging behind. Chart of the week takes a look. Continue reading »

By Craig Baker and Andy Ratcliffe

The arguments over whether South Africa should still receive aid from Britain, following Justine Greening’s announcement that there would be no new DFID projects in South Africa, show how the global debate about the continent is shifting.

Africa was once viewed as a region that had stalled, making little or no progress. Now, the world is starting to notice the pace of economic change. Headlines on the theme of ‘Africa rising‘ are appearing more and more in international newspapers. But many doubt that this economic growth is actually improving living standards for the average African citizens. Continue reading »

Tourists associate Bolivia with dizzy heights, blindingly white salt flats and Aymara women in flouncy skirts, plaits and tiny bowler hats. But haute cuisine? Not so much.

Unlike neighbouring Peru, which has pioneered a new Andean cuisine that has charmed Europe and the United States and attracted a valuable new class of tourist – the foodie – to the country, Bolivian “fine dining” tends to mean foreign food.

But Claus Meyer, the chef behind Denmark’s Noma, thrice named the best restaurant in the world, is determined to change that. Continue reading »

The global mining industry could hardly be accused of being introspective. It’s a tough business, all about grade, costs and prices. Everything else is secondary. Nowhere has this attitude been more apparent in the past than at the annual Africa Mining Indaba in Cape Town.

This year, the obligations of the industry as a development partner were front and centre in the main auditorium; the debate was as much about people and politics as it was about mining. The agenda has clearly changed. Continue reading »

Gold diggers beware! The World Bank is setting up a trust fund to give African nations some muscle when dealing with foreign investors in the extractive industries. The $50m fund is driven by concerns that African governments are allowing the natural wealth of their country to be chipped and siphoned away, with little benefit to local people.

Recent strikes in South Africa have left foreign investors wary of putting money into African mining. Further challenges won’t be welcome. Continue reading »

It’s been almost one year since Zambian president Michael Sata entered office, having ended the Movement for Multi-Party Democracy’s twenty year rule in September 2011. There were a few nervous investors at the start, so how is he doing now? This week the IMF mission to Zambia cast its verdictContinue reading »

Dmitry Medvedev has landed in Vladivostok to help the far east city celebrate its birthday and check out the new infrastructure that has been built for this September’s APEC Summit.

For the past few years, various Russian officials have been billing Vladivostok as Russia’s new capital of the Far East, or its own San Francisco (but better), as Medvedev boldly pronounced on MondayContinue reading »

Ceviche and pisco sours are right up there with llamas, Incas and Machu Picchu when it comes to Peruvian stereotypes these days.

That’s in large part down to Gastón Acurio, the Peruvian chef who brought his Astrid and Gaston restaurant to Manhattan last year after first finding success in Spain, Brazil, Colombia, Chile and Mexico. Continue reading »

By Jimmy Greer of Brazilintel

Few things are more likely to invoke the suspicion of very serious people in advanced economies than loose talk about measuring national “happiness”.

You can imagine the eyebrows rising further when an institution in an emerging economy like Brazil – a country with plenty to do in delivering higher standards of living to much of its population – says it is about to embrace the idea. But news that the Fundação Getulio Vargas in São Paulo (FGV-SP), a higher education institution and think tank, is setting out to measure Brazil’s gross national happiness (felicidade interna bruta, or FIB) should be taken seriously. Continue reading »

As an economist, Ricardo Hausmann has spent much of his life thinking about numbers. But over the last few years, the director of Harvard’s Center for International Development has been thinking more and more about the less tangible productive capabilities that a country produces – which he refers to as “letters”. Continue reading »