regulation

By Timi Soleye of CRYO Gas

Seated on the dais at an investment conference in one of Lagos’s posher hotels are the luminaries of the Nigerian power sector: the minister of power, the head of the national electricity regulator, the chairman of the presidential task-force on power and chief executives of the newly privatised electricity generation companies and distribution companies. They are desperate for the money of the reluctant foreign private equity managers and local investors who mill about the room.

It is a tough call. On November 1 a year will have passed since the effective privatisation of electricity generation and distribution in Nigeria and it must now be acknowledged that the privatisation is on the brink of collapse. Yet this is a good thing for Nigerians and for future investors. Read more >>

By Andrey Petrushinin of the Central European Aluminum Company

In a guest post published here on October 10, Milo Dukanovic, Montenegro’s prime minister, asserts that his country is “proving its commitment to Euro-Atlantic values”. This would be funny if it were not so tragically ironic. It seems that Dukanovic is desperately scrambling to make the best of his recent bad scorecard from the European Commission. Read more >>

By Arturo Porzecanski of American University

José Antonio Ocampo, a former United Nations official and co-president with Prof. Joseph Stiglitz of Columbia University’s Initiative for Policy Dialogue, which promotes the adoption of heterodox economic policies in developing countries, recently wrote a guest post welcoming a UN General Assembly resolution calling for the launch of negotiations on a multilateral framework for sovereign debt restructuring. The resolution was Argentina’s initiative and it passed with the backing of a coalition of developing countries (the so-called G-77 plus China) in the wake of, as Ocampo put it, “the absurd decisions of a New York judge on Argentine debt.” Read more >>

Investors should be extra careful about betting on South Korean banks, given the sector’s frequent internal strife and failures of risk management.

The latest case is Kookmin Bank, the country’s biggest consumer lender. The bank has come under increasing scrutiny after a series of scandals involving an internal power struggle among its top executives and allegations of leaked customer data, embezzlement and illegal loans. Read more >>

A long-running dispute between Croatia and Mol, the Hungarian oil and gas company, over control of Ina, Mol’s Croatian counterpart, has flared up again.

Zagreb is seething over a statement issued by Mol after talks on Friday which said the latest round of negotiations had achieved precisely nothing. The ministry told beyondbrics the Mol statement was “a lie” and threatened to publish a recording of the negotiations unless Mol withdraws it. Read more >>

In the aftermath and shock of the Rana Plaza disaster, in which more than 1,100 people died, many promises were made. Yet the Bangladesh government has been lethargic and its promises of action on factory safety and labour relations have hit familiar walls. Foreign powers, meanwhile, have produced contrasting responses. Read more >>

By Dalibor Rohac of the Cato Institute

Can the European Union help Ukrainians get their country back on track? Notwithstanding the threat the country faces from the east, the bulk of Ukraine’s problems are domestic: lack of economic growth and employment opportunities, rampant corruption, mismanagement of public funds and burdensome regulation.

In the late 1990s and early 2000s the prospect of EU membership served as an impetus for radical reforms across central and eastern Europe. A credible timeline for joining the Union would certainly improve the prospects for similar reforms in Ukraine. On the other hand, given the EU’s internal problems and the current state of disarray in Ukraine, European leaders are not keen to rush into accession talks. Read more >>

Ever eager to point out exemplars, the World Bank this week made a point of praising Mexico as one of the few countries where “ambitious and advanced reform agendas” were aiming to transform the economy.

Mexico has already passed some laws liberalising the labour market and improving education, but the centrepiece of President Enrique Peña Nieto’s reform effort is to introduce competition into public and private monopolies: the energy sector, dominated by the state-owned Pemex, and telecoms, where Telmex has been in a hugely powerful position ever since the system was privatised in 1990.

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Anyone reading about Bangladesh would be forgiven for thinking it’s a one-industry country. And when it comes to exports, they wouldn’t be far wrong. More than three quarters of Bangladesh’s exports are of ready-made garments. The anniversary of the Rana Plaza disaster, in which more than 1,100 people died, has focussed attention on the industry’s dangers. But what is being done to move the economy away from sweat shop factories? Read more >>

Tough times ahead for Russian smokers and for the international tobacco groups that feed their obnoxious habit: a ban on smoking in government buildings introduced last year was expanded to include all public places at the weekend, as the Kremlin stepped up the war on Russia’s estimated 40m cigarette addicts. Read more >>

By Nicholas Watson of bne

A simmering row is building over a memorial to the Czechoslovaks who joined the Royal Air Force during World War 2, highlighting planning issues that property developers in Prague have been complaining about for years.

This year, the British community in Prague including BAE Systems, Tesco and Royal Bank of Scotland raised about €100,000 to build a memorial (pictured below) to the roughly 2,500 Czechoslovak airmen who served with distinction in the RAF during WW2. Read more >>

In India, summer, when the temperatures soar, is mango season. And no mango variety is as prized as the luscious Alphonso mango, often referred to as the king of fruits.

Alphonso mangoes usually sell at prices out of reach of the Indian common man, as most of the annual crop is exported to Europe, where deep-pocketed consumers are willing, and can afford, to pay more for rare tropical treats. Read more >>

By Hashem Montasser of Frontlane Capital

On a recent visit to the beach, my three year old son asked for some ice cream. I escorted him to the parlour and before I had a chance to order his usual choice of vanilla, his eyes lit up over the myriad of flavours and he promptly decided it was time to up the ante: why settle for plain vanilla if he can choose between many more flavours and even add chocolate sauce on top?

With equity markets in the Middle East and North Africa (MENA) staging a comeback led by a 45 per cent rally since 2013, a decidedly “feel good” factor is here again. But it is only a matter of time before MENA market sympathizers reach a similar conclusion to my three year old’s: why invest in Middle East markets if other emerging markets are offering an expanded menu of options? While the recent rally feels good and will undoubtedly attract the odd punting hedge fund here or there, it is neither sufficient to excite the global investment community nor would it occupy their mindshare over the long term. Here’s why. Read more >>

An Indonesian smelter. More to come?

Many mining companies in Indonesia have warned that a ban on the export of some unprocessed mineral ores, brought into force this month, will deter foreign investment in the sector.

But Mahendra Siregar, the ambitious technocrat who heads Indonesia’s investment co-ordinating board (BKPM), believes that investment will in fact be boosted by the new rule as three metal smelters come on stream this year and 25 more are built over the next three years. Read more >>

Imagine you are bidding for an item on eBay, and the lowest bid wins while the highest bid loses. Impossible? That is what is happening in the world of Chinese initial public offerings. Read more >>