By Charles Okeahalam of AGH Capital
Tom Hank’s portrayal of Captain Richard Phillips’ encounter with the pirate Abduwali Muse aboard the MV Maersk Alabama has focused public attention on an issue threatening an industry that, according to the International Maritime Organization (IMO), handles more than 90 per cent of global trade. Read more
Here’s a partial, potentially misleading, but nonetheless fascinating glimpse of on-the-ground activity – or, in this case, on-the-water – in the big emerging economies.
New figures from Drewry Maritime Research show that container shipping at the four Bric countries – Brazil, Russia, India and China – grew at an impressive clip of 7.1 per cent year on year in the first half of 2013. They also show that it’s pretty much all about China. Read more
Fernando Núñez Fábrega, Panama’s foreign minister, is on a trip to Britain this week. The point of the visit is to sign his country’s 25th double taxation treaty. But he is likely to find people more interested in his views on Chinese plans to build a rival to Panama’s canal in another Central American nation. So, before he left, beyondbrics asked him what he thought. Read more
For commodity traders involved in emerging markets – say, buying cotton in Africa and selling it to China – one of the biggest headaches since the financial crisis has been the tightening of trade finance terms by banks.
It has been harder to finance shipments of commodities as btanks, eager to reduce risk, have been reluctant to offer financing over long distances, or where there is a significant lag between the placement of an order by a customer and receipt of the goods.
Enter Maersk Line with a way round the problem. Read more
China’s biggest shipping company is selling to save face. China Cosco Holdings Co, the financing arm of state-owned China Ocean Shipping Group (the Cosco Group), has announced two asset disposals in as many months as it struggles to prevent its shares being delisted from Shanghai’s A-share market. Read more
Increasing demand for commodities in the past decade boosted shipping and encouraged shipbuilding. But just as giant bulk carriers take a while to stop, so does building them. Dinesh Sharma, senior consultant at Drewry Maritime Advisors, explains to Jonathan Wheatley, deputy emerging markets editor, what impact overcapacity is having on the industry.
Who’d be a shipbuilder? New figures from Drewry Maritime Research show the bleak prospects facing the industry after a slump in world trade – or, more precisely, a slump in the rest of the world’s trade with China. Read more
Last month there was bad news for the world economy from the shipping industry. As beyondbrics reported, freight volumes between China and Europe began to fall in July, and were still dropping – at a time of year when they usually start to rise.
Today, the situation is no better, but it seems that shipping companies are learning to cope with the challenge. Read more
The cost of shipping consumer goods from China to Europe should be peaking around now, as retailers gear up for the busiest period of the shopping calendar.
But not this year. Lloyd’s List reports on Monday that the Shanghai Containerised Freight Index has fallen by more than 5 per cent in the past week, bringing the rate per TEU (twenty-foot equivalent unit) to $1,218, down from $1,934 four months ago. Read more
With Russian news often dominated by the woes of foreign investors like BP and Telenor, it is always nice to hear a positive story about the country’s investment climate. The announcement that Denmark’s AP Møller-Maersk is finally entering the Russian market fits the bill. Read more
As sanctions on Iranian oil exports tighten, some relief for Tehran has come from the Indian government, which will support insurance for tankers transporting Iranian crude to Indian refiners.
India follows China and Japan in providing insurance support in response to EU sanctions introduced on 1 July, targeting insurers of ships carrying Iranian oil. But it seems likely to be no more than a stop-gap solution to shortages already hitting India’s refineries, as new sanctions are expected to make the trade increasingly difficult. Read more
The privatisation of Bulgaria’s rail freight business offers interesting opportunities both for potential investors and the country’s transport sector.
While BDZ Tovarni Prevozi (officially translated as “BDZ Cargo”), the cargo operator of state-owned rail firm BDZ is in seriously need of modernisation and restructuring, Bulgaria’s position on major trade routes between the Middle East and Europe could give it the chance to develop as a significant regional logistics player. Read more
Last week a delegation from Luka Koper, operators of Slovenia’s Adriatic port, were charming folks in Tokyo and Osaka; this week it’s they’ve been talking the talk in Shanghai (albeit as part of the North Adriatic Ports Association) at Transport Logistics China 2012.
Given that Slovenia’s economy is performing badly (0.2 per cent GDP contraction in the first quarter) and that the country is in the grip of a government austerity programme, can such expensive trips abroad – and from a majority state-controlled company at that – be justified? Read more
Croatia’s coastline is best know for tourism, which is doing just fine. The Adriatic coastline is also home to the Croatian shipbuilding industry, and the Port of Rijeka. The port has potential, but the shipyards face a rather more uncertain future.
In April, the European Commission urged Croatia to speed up the process of restructuring its five beleaguered shipyards in the run-up to the country’s EU accession in July next year. The choices are pretty tough. Read more
Much has been made of the recent precipitous fall in shipment to inventory ratios in Asia – a precursor, it is feared, of the kind of recessions last seen following the collapse of Lehman Brothers in 2008-09 and the dotcom bubble burst of 2001, when inventory levels also fell off a cliff.
But Frederic Neumann of HSBC argues in a note on Thursday that the ratios are a coincident rather than leading indicator and that other factors, including advances in supply chain efficiency, are at play. A slowdown is on its way, he says, but on nothing like the scale seen before. Read more
According to Vale’s new management team, the Brazilian miner has one big resolution for 2012: to become more transparent.
The company’s new chief executive, Murilo Ferreira, and revamped top management have spent the last month flying around the globe, trying to convince investors, analysts and journalists of precisely this. Read more
Vale, the world’s largest iron ore producer by volume, took a significant step towards its goal of controlling all its shipping to China after it was confirmed that one of its giant new Valemax ships had been allowed to dock in China for the first time.
A person familiar with the situation confirmed that the Berge Everest, owned and operated by Berge Bulk, part of Hong Kong’s BW Group, but chartered long-term to Vale, was allowed into the port of Dalian, north-east China, to unload on Wednesday. Read more
Shipping costs between China and Europe are plummeting as demand from the beleaguered eurozone contracts sharply. And while falling demand might not be much of a surprise the speed of the drop in transport costs is an eyebrow raiser – it has slumped by 39 per cent in just under 3 months, according to Bloomberg.
A worrying indicator of what’s to come. Read more
Picture: Konecranes Plc
When you’ve just been asked to build the world’s biggest gantry crane, and your order book is at it’s second fullest ever, it may seem odd that your share price has halved in a year.
But that’s the situation Pekka Lundmark, chief executive of Konecranes (KCR1V:HEX), finds himself in. The main reason? Next year is looking bleak, and emerging markets aren’t going to help. Read more
Somebody forgot to tell Panama about the eurozone crisis. While the rest of the world is slowing, its economy is set to expand by 10 per cent this year and 7.5 per cent next. And those are real figures, as Finance Minister Frank de Lima told beyondbrics. In the nominal terms most people use, those numbers hit the teens. Few countries, perhaps none, can match that. Read more