Further reading

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Austria’s presidential vote on Sunday was billed as a political landmark for Europe: the first election of a far-right populist head of state since the second world war. Then thevote count started. The Freedom party’s Norbert Hofer may still end up in the Hofburg palace, elected for a party founded in the 1950s by a former SS general. But the result ison a knife edge and the Green party’s Alexander Van der Bellen could easily prevail. It’s down to postal votes. Vienna hosted two victory parties last night: a surreal end to a surreal campaign.

Regardless of the outcome, Mr Hofer’s rise is a reminder of some political chill winds in Europe. Other European far-right politicians have not yet come as close to power as the Freedom party. But if Mr Hofer succeeds, it would be possible to trace an arc of illiberal politics through Poland, Hungary (and to some extent) Slovakia and Austria that stretches from the Baltic sea to the gateway of the Balkans.

To varying degrees some of their ruling politicians share a nationalist, anti-immigrant, anti-Islam, anti-EU message. And, for all the grumbling, there isn’t much the EU can do about it. The main question is where populists, the far-right or anti-establishment parties will make their mark next, be it in France, Holland or some day in GermanyRead more

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One side-effect of “crisis Europe” has been a surplus of bombastic political rhetoric. In a crowded field Mark Rutte, the Dutch premier, stood out when likening the EU to the fall of the Roman Empire. Hungary’s Viktor Orban touched a nerve with his “no road back from a multicultural Europe” speech, which in turn built on his warning over the bloc “staggering towards moonstruck ruin”. And of course Fico is FicoRead more

Peter Spiegel

In a new article, George Soros warns German voters that they risk another Depression.

The Fed pumped dollars into European banks, Timothy Geithner pleaded with EU finance ministers to take quick action, and in today’s FT former Obama administration economic major-domo Larry Summers warned that incrementalism in the eurozone is akin to the slow bleeding of the Vietnam war.

It seems like the week the Americans jumped into the crisis surrounding the euro with both feet.

Now comes a compelling treatise from yet another major American economic thinker, financier George Soros, who has written in the New York Review of Books echoing Summers’ concerns about incrementalism and predicting that a common eurozone treasury is imminent – and may be the only solution to the crisis. Read more

Peter Spiegel

German finance minister Wolfgang Schäuble

Influential Nobel Prize-winning economist Paul Krugman has picked yet another fight with eurozone politicians, this time with Germany’s Wolfgang Schäuble.

On his New York Times blog, Krugman takes issue with the German finance minister’s claim at a panel discussion in Frankfurt on Thursday that “economists worldwide” agree the 2008 eurozone crisis was triggered by excessive public debt “everywhere in the world”.

Krugman says excessive public debt actually triggered a crisis in only one country, Greece. Ireland and Spain’s problems only become a public debt crisis after private-sector bank debt was moved onto the government books through bail-outs. Similarly, until the recent standoff over the US debt ceiling, American problems have originated in the financial sector. Read more

Peter Spiegel

Greek taxis block Athens streets during a 48-hour strike. A similar Greek roadblock in Brussels?

If this morning’s media accounts are any indication, European leaders are still scrambling to come up with a deal on a second Greek bail-out ahead of Thursday’s emergency eurozone summit here in Brussels. Read more

Peter Spiegel

Ahead of this week’s gathering of European finance ministers in Brussels to hash out new bail-out systems for the eurozone, two magazines have weighed in with their views of what needs to come next to rescue the single currency – and both suggest going further than ministers have been willing to thus far.

On Sunday, the New York Times Magazine published a highly readable summary of the crisis by Nobel Prize-winning economist Paul Krugman entitled “Can Europe be Saved?” in which he appears to back the idea of a Europe-wide bond.

And the new issue of the Economist advocates a different and far more pessimistic route: a restructuring of Greek debt, followed potentially by similar moves in Ireland and Portugal. Read more

European Commission nominees face grilling (Tony Barber, FT)

The Iceland debate: to pay or not to pay (FT special feature) Read more

EU states given stark warning on debt levels (Tony Barber, FT)

Walesa: Collapse of Berlin Wall saved Solidarinosc (Elizabeth Pond, EurActiv) Read more

We must not be too late with starting the Big Exit (Wolfgang Münchau, FT)

German industry warns on tax cuts (Ralph Atkins, FT) Read more

Champion of a strong voice for Europe (George Parker and James Blitz, FT)

EU leaders to exchange picks for the presidency (Tony Barber, FT) Read more

Global Insight: EU plays waiting game (Tony Barber, FT)

President Blair would give EU clout (Giles Merritt, Guardian Comment is free) Read more

Do small countries care about foreign policy? (Charlemagne blog, The Economist)

Havel, still a man of morals and mischief (Alison Smale, New York Times) Read more

EU pushes Czechs for Lisbon approval (Tony Barber, FT)

Cameron faces row over EU treaty vote (George Parker and Tony Barber, FT) Read more

From the FT:

European financial regulation: Big promises fail to dispel prosaic doubts Read more

Will re-election let Barroso be Barroso? (Charlemagne blog, The Economist)

Hungarian Finance Minister sees end of IMF support (Wall Street Journal) Read more

The EU’s Zimbabwe dilemma (Blessing-Miles Tendi, The Guardian)

Interview with Declan Ganley (Brian Carney, Wall Street Journal) Read more

Why Barroso deserves another go (Charles Grant, The Guardian)

Brussels is a shining symbol of where the real power lies (Boris Johnson, Telegraph) Read more

A year after the Commission’s voluntary register of lobbyists came into being, could the rules already be set to change? Siim Kallas tells European Voice he is considering it.

EurActiv seems to think the issue won’t be high on the Swedes’ political agenda, citing the focus on who-gets-what-job in the coming months. Read more