OECD immigration destinations

Today’s OECD International Migration Outlook takes a comprehensive look at the fiscal impact of immigration, but also has some interesting numbers on destination and origin countries.

Britain has been the destination of choice for immigrants from OECD nations in the past five years, but tiny Belgium is not far behind. Also Germany, where unemployment is now lower than it was before the financial crisis hit in 2008, is a close third choice.

Outflows of population, predictably are largest from countries with the highest unemployment rates, OECD data show.

Relative to its share of global population, Romania is the world’s biggest people-exporter. It has only 0.3 per cent of global population but provides 6.0 per cent of immigrants to OECD countries. Poland is not far behind, with 0.6 per cent of global population that provides 5.3 per cent of immigrants to the OECD.

But for all the UK’s discomfort with immigration, it is certainly punching above its weight when it comes to delivering citizens to other countries. With only 0.9 per cent of global population, it provides 2.1 per cent of OECD immigrants.

The other striking note from the OECD data is that even though India and China are the top exporters of people to the OECD, those flows represent a tiny proportion of each nation’s overall population.

The OECD suggests that may be because countries with large populations, diverse economies and large land masses are more able to accommodate their citizens within their own borders.