Today’s hawkish statement from the ECB means that a rise in interest rates from 1 per cent to 1.25 per cent is almost certain to be announced next month. Only a major discontinuity in Europe’s financial markets can now prevent it. The key question is whether this rate increase is just an isolated event, which proves to be mistaken and is therefore rapidly reversed – like the infamous quarter point rise announced by the ECB in July 2008, when the world economy was already in recession. Or does the ECB announcement definitively mark the low point for global policy rates? If so, it will prove to be the first step of the central banks’ “exit” process, and the start of a lengthy period of monetary policy normalisation. Read more
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