Today’s report showing the US economy lost 85,000 jobs dashed hopes that the economy had finally stopped sloughing of jobs. Or did it? Very likely, but we won’t know for sure for a few months. After all, according to the latest release we gained jobs in November, after we had thought for a month that payrolls were still falling. Granted, it was a smaller original decline, but the BLS’s revisions of unemployment over the past few months have been striking.
A confession: I missed the Fed’s regulatory guidance to banks on interest rate risk yesterday. Some have misread this as a hint that rate increases are coming soon. I think that is the wrong take.
Bernanke and Kohn have talked about using regulatory tools rather than interest rates in the first instance to combat future bubbles and avoid the build-up of financial excesses. The latest guidance looks to me to be a very modest example of this -not a signal on rates.
I wrote a piece in today’s paper flagging up the fact that the version of the Taylor rule cited by Bernanke in his AEA speech has recommended a positive interest rate since mid-2009. This raises the question of whether the Fed is still pinned to the zero bound (ie it would be running negative rates if it could) or whether a relatively modest upside forecast revision could lead to early rate hikes.
The calculation used by Bernanke – based on Fed forecasts over four quarters using PCE to measure inflation with equal coefficients for both sides of the dual mandate – suggests the Fed is not pinned to the zero bound any more and that the ideal interest rate is a fraction above zero. Which implies that a mid-sized forecast upgrade could start discussion of rate hikes.
However, my sense is that when it comes to policy Fed policymakers will a
By Henny Sender
The Bank for International Settlements, the Basel-based body that is sometimes known as the “central bankers’ bank” because it plays a vital global co-ordinating role, is convening a group of senior financiers such as Stephen Green, HSBC chairman; Larry Fink, Blackrock founder; and executives from JPMorgan and Morgan Stanley.
Consumer credit fell at its fastest rate since 1980 in November, the Federal Reserve reported today. The 8.5 per cent decrease was led by a staggering 18.5 per cent decrease in revolving credit.
And the end is not near, says Joshua Shapiro, Chief US Economist at MFR.
Today’s jobs report will be mildly disappointing for the Fed but not all that surprising. Policymakers were I believe expecting a negative number. The report is consistent with the idea that the labour market is turning – the three month moving average went down – but the improvement is sluggish and there may be several choppy months ahead.
It does however take some upside risk – of accelerating momentum leading to forecast upgrades – off the table.
All important US nonfarms payrolls for December are out today. December employment fell by 85,000, against expectations of no jobs lost or gained, and the unemployment rate stayed constant at 10.0 per cent.
The numbers are disappointing. In the household survey, the number of people not in the labour force, but who currently want a job rose by 263,000, which helped hold the unemployment rate down. And the percent of people who are unemployed, discouraged, or working part time because they can’t find full time work rose by 0.1 percentage points to 17.3 per cent in December, though it remains below October’s level.
But in a small bright spot November’s job loss of 11,000 was revised to a jobs gain of 4,000. A minor revision, especially as the economy lost an additional 16,000 jobs than previously estimated, bringing jobs lost in that month to -127,000 in October, but still, a month of gains after 22 months of losses.
So who were December’s winners in an arguably downbeat report?
A report requested by the G20 recommends hedge funds should be subject to minimum risk measurement standards and reporting requirements. Minimum initial and outgoing capital requirements should be imposed on systemically relevant hedge funds.
The Joint Forum – an international panel from the banking, insurance and securities industries – has released its report snappily named the “Review of the Differentiated Nature and Scope of Financial Regulation”. It is 132 pages of assessment and recommendation on the regulation of the financial sector. The Forum found surprising and growing levels of convergence in regulation. But it points out areas of risk and makes 17 recommendations, summarised below.
Something is afoot in global currency negotiations. President Sarkozy yesterday attacked global “currency disorder” and pledged to make currencies a central theme of France’s presidency of the Group of 20 in 2011.
I know many people will roll their eyes and say, so what’s new. This reaction is totally justified by the standard G7 ritual, loved by all the meeting’s followers.
Before a meeting, the French finance minister or president will make a stink about currencies and overvaluation of the euro, saying that this will be a key topic on the agenda on the next group of seven meeting. Then the meeting comes along. Currencies are not on the agenda. They are not talked about. The G7 then issues the same empty statement about currencies.