The head of the IMF is today arguing the case to redefine and expand its role.
The Fund must better detect risks that individual economies pose to the rest of the world, as well as offering liquidity early during a financial crisis, Dominique Strauss-Kahn is saying. The institution should also better monitor large, interconnected financial firms to construct a “risk map”. Read more
The Dutch central bank will focus on ‘conduct and culture‘ at banks, rather (presumably) than focusing solely on reserve ratios and other capital requirements. This came out on February 8 (apologies) but a full English translation is not yet available.
So, ample room for weekend speculation on how the central bank intends to achieve their aim. Improving the integrity – not just of individuals within the system, but of the system itself – is the holy grail. Capital ratios are poor proxies toward this end. Read more
US GDP has also been revised up this month, to 5.9 from 5.7 per cent (annual). As Calculated Risk observes, however, most of the improvement came from inventory change. Stripping those out would have seen a decline in GDP from 2.2 to 1.9 per cent over the same time period.
UK GDP was also revised upwards today, though markets were unimpressed and sterling continued its fall.
Credit to household and non-financial corporations continues to shrink in Ireland.
Private-sector credit declined by €3.2bn in January. Last year, most of the declines were explained by debt revaluation. Not this year. The €3.2bn is transactions related – i.e. the difference between repayment and draw-downs. Read more
Currency markets are unmoved by today’s upward revision in Q4 GDP figures: sterling is still falling. Jonathan Loynes of Capital Economics said the growth was driven by a slowdown in the rate of inventory unwinding, hardly the basis for a strong recovery.
Thursday’s business investment figures haven’t helped. They were sharply down – 5.8 per cent – against an expectation of a rise of 0.1 per cent. Read more
Eurozone inflation has ticked up slightly, from 0.9 per cent on an annual basis in December, to 1.0 per cent for January. But do not be fooled by apparent stability.
Inflation has slowed, or indeed dropped, for most Eurozone countries this month, offset by steep rises in Malta and Cyprus. Inflation has also risen in Ireland, Luxembourg and Belgium, although by less than their average monthly increase over the past four months. Read more
China is carrying out stress tests on labor-intensive industries to gauge the effect a stronger yuan would have on earnings, reports Bloomberg (itself reporting local paper the 21st Century Business Herald). Consequent speculation on the yuan has pushed forward prices up.
The yuan’s value has been kept at about 6.83 per dollar since July 2008, following a 21 per cent advance over three years, as policymakers intervened to help exporters weather a global recession. Read more
Talks have collapsed between Britain, the Netherlands and Iceland about repayment of £3.4bn (€3.8bn) lost by depositors in the failed online bank Icesave, raising fears that the country will fail to meet its obligations.
On Monday Iceland rejected an offer to soften repayment terms, British officials said. It dismissed a proposed reduction in interest rates as insufficient and failed to win support for a counter-offer that one negotiator described as “fanciful”. Read more
Required reading this morning from Gillian Tett:
Somewhere in the bowels of the mighty European Central Bank, there is a number that many investors would give a lot of euros to see.
It refers to the volume of Greek government bonds that are now sitting in the ECB’s coffers, after being lodged there by European banks through central bank repo operations.
Sadly, the ECB considers this number far too “sensitive” to release, even after a delay. Nevertheless, as fears about sovereign risk rise, those hidden data are assuming ever-greater importance.
In an increasingly illiquid secondary market for bonds, it matters greatly who is holding the Greek stock. They might have trouble reselling – especially if ratings downgrades continue, imperilling the eligibility of Greek bonds for the ECB. Read more
Ever since I wrote on this blog that the Bank of England’s Inflation Report fan charts are “rubbish” and do not reflect the underlying forecast or message the Bank wanted to give, insiders have said the post was undiplomatic and peevish. I would have to plead guilty to this criticism, but in mitigation would say that the outburst was born out of frustration after five years of quiet and private suggestions had absolutely no effect.
The challenge is to find a way of presenting the Bank’s economic forecasts in a way that reflects the the full range of possibilities and uncertainties in its economic predictions, is consistent with the decision-making by the Monetary Policy Committee, is possible to present relatively simply so that it can be widely understood and is taken at face value by those outside the Bank.
Without going into the reasons why the fan charts fail again, the consequences of their inadequacy are pretty serious for the Bank and the Monetary Policy Committee. Informed, intelligent people with no axe to grind no longer understand the Bank’s thinking and have begun to suspect its motives. Over the past week or so, two examples stand out. But these are far from isolated example. Read more
Venezuela is an unlikely taker for the IMF’s planned bullion sale.
The country plans to invest about $300m importing equipment to mine 36 tonnes per year. Tailings at a number of old mines show reserves of around 170 tonnes in the southern state of Bolivar. Read more
Delivering the prestigiou Mais lecture is a feather in the cap of George Osborne, the shadow chancellor. So it is a shame that the speech, while strong on the process a Conservative government would adopt to sort out the public finances, was weak on the Tories’ ambitions for running the budget and disastrous in its use of definitions and figures.
Process of budgetary control
The FT outlined the process the Conservatives are proposing to control the public finances in the paper this morning. The Conservatives’ big idea is to create an Office of Budget Responsibility to produce independent fiscal forecasts and judge how much taxes or public spending need to be changed to allow the government a better than evens chance of meeting its fiscal ambitions. As I argued in a column in 2008, I think this is sound. It is another attempt to provide an external constraint on politicians’ desires to borrow too much or to fiddle the figures. Read more
Calling a turning point is tricky, and offers ample room to make oneself look silly.
But I reckon a good indicator is surprise. If pundits expect the continuation of a trend, and are surprised, that suggests either a temporary blip or a reversal. And if there are many such related surprises, evidence strengthens for the reversal.
Well, there is a lot of surprise in this office at the moment. Every day there seems to be a new (negative) data release for the UK or US – and every day I see colleagues raising eyebrows at the size of that surprise. An eyebrow raise, in Britain, is a powerful indicator.
So I’m keeping a list, below, of the latest data releases. Read more
Krishna Guha, the FT’s US economics editor, will be leaving the FT to join the Federal Reserve Bank of New York.
Sadly he will no longer post on Money Supply. His Fed-watching replacement will be announced in due course. Read more
Day two of Ben Bernanke’s semiannual monetary policy report to the Congress is proving a bit more eventful than the relatively news-free day one.
The day started with the revelation that the Fed is looking into whether Goldman Sachs helped Greece cover up the extent of its budgetary problems by using derivatives. “We are looking into a number of questions related to Goldman Sachs and other companies in their derivatives arrangements with Greece,” Mr Bernanke told the Senate banking committee. At the end of the hearing, the Fed chairman said that any arrangements may have been made a decade ago.
After starting the second and final day with a bang, Mr Bernanke faced another generally civil, but occassionally less friendly set of questions than he had before the the House financial services committee yesterday. The Senate recently confirmed the Fed chairman for a second term, albeit not without difficulty, and some of the Senators are looking to make clear that they are still sceptical of his chairmanship.
Here are some highlights: Read more
The Sri Lankan central bank has dismissed the idea that the delay of an IMF payment will have any effect on investor confidence.
Following the IMF’s announcement, governor Ajith Nivard Cabraal declared: “There is absolutely no impact at all.” Of course, countries receiving IMF loans are generally in need of them. But a) the governor couldn’t really say much else; and b) post-conflict growth in the country has helped to build up forex reserves, possibly making the loan less of an issue than it was. Read more
China is one of 32 central banks in a group that released a statement last week, saying there would be further restrictions on Iranian banks if no action is taken on nuclear proliferation and terrorist financing.
The Financial Action Task Force had been asked to identify ‘unco-operative’ jurisdictions by the G20. On Tuesday, the US Treasury reiterated its interest in sanctions against Iran’s central bank. Read more