Ben Bernanke, chairman of the US Federal Reserve, said on Monday that regulators were “intensively” probing banks’ foreclosure practices and expected to produce results next month. Some of the largest US banks have halted moves to claim back homes from borrowers after it emerged that they had cut corners in preparing paperwork; state attorneys general are investigating allegations of fraud.

The Fed chairman told a conference on the future of housing finance that regulators were “looking intensively at the firms’ policies, procedures, and internal controls … and seeking to determine whether systematic weaknesses are leading to improper foreclosures”. Read more

The overhaul of the US financial sector cleared its last big hurdle in Congress on Thursday as 60 senators voted in favour of the legislation, which introduces a raft of restrictions on banks to curb risk.

More than a year after the mammoth legislative effort began, Democrats managed to persuade three Republican senators to support the Dodd-Frank bill, enough for the 60-vote supermajority needed to bring debate to a close. Read more

A plan to place the appointment of the New York Federal Reserve president under the jurisdiction of the White House and Senate, which the central bank fears will lead to its politicisation, could be abandoned on Wednesday.

The House financial services committee, chaired by Barney Frank, announced on Tuesday that it would seek to remove the proposal – which was included in a bill passed by the Senate last month – and replace it with an alternative that removes banks’ say in Fed appointments. Read more

Key points of the bill:

Related reading: full list of key points or the main news article.

Two key Democratic senators offered a narrow path for compromise over the weekend after banks pleaded with regulators and clients to help overturn provisions of a financial regulation bill they say will rock markets.

Chris Dodd, Senate banking committee chairman, and Blanche Lincoln, chairman of the agriculture committee, told the Financial Times there was room to negotiate on a proposal that would force banks to spin off their swaps desks. Financial regulation reform is entering its final week in the senate, and there is a frantic lobbying effort to change parts of the bill before Barack Obama, US president, signs it into law and claims his second big legislative victory after healthcare reform. Read more

The US Senate on Tuesday unanimously backed a full-scale audit of the Federal Reserve’s actions during the financial crisis but rejected a proposal for continuing sweeping probes, which the central bank said would compromise its independence.

An amendment from Bernie Sanders, the independent senator from Vermont, requiring a “one-time audit of all loans and other financial assistance” provided by the Fed during the crisis gained bipartisan support from all members. Read more

Fed officials are watching the markets, trying to get to the bottom of the sudden plummet this afternoon and the various “fat finger”/programme trade theories for what happened. But across the nation – at the regional Fed headquarters as well as in DC – they have also kept an eye on C-Span and the “audit the Fed” amendment on Capitol Hill.

Right now Bernie Sanders, the independent, self-proclaimed “socialist” senator from Vermont, is preparing for the vote on his audit amendment, which would broaden the scope of the things Congress is allowed to investigate inside the central bank. The Fed has seen this as an existential threat – possibly ending almost 100 years of independence from political control. Read more