commercial mortgage backed securities (CMBS)

A sharp decrease in market functioning is noted by the Bank of England in its latest Financial Stability Report.

US government bonds were the only primary market — out of 15 — described as ‘functioning’ in May; eight were described as impaired. The month before, eight were functioning and two were impaired. Highly recommend a closer inspection of the table to the right – though even at a distance, you get the idea.

Commercial property is the biggest headache globally. Indeed, the housing market as a whole makes an appearance in two of the six key risks noted by the Bank:

  1. Exposure to european sovereign debt;
  2. A sustained reversal in investor risk appetite;
  3. Investors divesting Europe, buying Asia;
  4. Defaulting borrowers, esp. commercial property;

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Between 2010 and 2014, $1,400bn US commercial real estate loans will reach the end of their terms. Nearly half of them are currently in negative equity – that is, the borrower owes more than the property is worth. And banks are reducing the number of loans in the sector, and have been doing so throughout 2009.

More shocking is that banks and their auditors are typically well aware of the problem, but have not written down the value of property as prices have fallen. Instead they are “extending and pretending” – or “delaying and praying”: holding property values steady and assisting the borrowers where possible. They need to. If banks were accurately to record property values, they would write down assets on their own balance sheets and jeopardise their business (see example to right).

A very thorough report just released from the Congressional Oversight Panel expects many banks to go under when the pretence comes to an end. The report concludes: “There is a commercial real estate crisis on the horizon, and there are no easy solutions to the risks commercial real estate may pose to the financial system and the public.”

When a government body admits things are at crisis proportions, you have to take notice. This isn’t journalistic hyperbole. It is hard to overstate the impact of the coming second subprime, hitting, as it will, a very fragile economic recovery.

So, who will be most affected? In a nutshell, banks, and mostly the smaller ones. Read more

As the IMF joins calls for a stronger yuan, a Xinhua report on Saturday said the Chinese government would not allow the renminbi to appreciate against the dollar in the short term. Just hours before Obama was due to arrive in China, the authorities there warned that the Fed is fuelling speculative investments and endangering the global recovery through loose monetary policy. Read more

More than half of all children in the US will use food stamps at some point, predicts new research. Equities fall sharply in the UK and Europe, in spite of strong manufacturing data, amid fresh concerns about mortgage-backed securities and the possibility of a second round of stimulus in the US Read more

The Fed has accused banks of ignoring the risks of debt backed by commercial real estate, with some worrying numbers about bank reserves. Gold climbs higher, but is it being pushed up by new type of buyer, interested in speculating rather than hedging?  Read more

Krishna Guha

Given refinancing problems in commercial mortgage-backed securities, we’d better hope the Fed will be able to justify extending the programme, writes Krishna Guha of the Financial Times Read more