nominal GDP target

Robin Harding

Nathan Sheets, head of the Fed’s international division until August, clearly plans to enjoy his freedom as head of international economics at Citi. In a new note he proposes a fairly dramatic communications option for the Fed – setting a target for the level of nominal consumption – which is definitely not the kind of thing you’re allowed to say in public when you work at the Federal Reserve Board.

As Mr Sheets notes, the Fed has ruled out any dramatic changes to its framework for the time being, but “our view is that in the event of a sizable financial shock from Europe—or evidence that the economy was slipping into recession—the Fed would be looking for a ‘bazooka,’ and such a regime would again be considered”. 

Claire Jones

Many of the world’s most senior central bankers believe monetary policy is close to the limits of what it can responsibly do.

Others disagree.

One argument is that if central banks would only commit to higher inflation, then monetary policy would be more effective in boosting demand. Proponents fall into various camps: nominal GDP targeters, those who favour a price-level target, or those who want to raise existing inflation targets.