European Central Bank data, out Thursday, showed that the amount of cash that businesses and households are parking in Spanish banks rose in September for the first time since the spring.
Deposits held by Greek and Italian banks also rose last month, while those parked in German banks dipped slightly.
One swallow does not make a summer. But residents of the Eurotower will be cautiously optimistic that the fact that banks in Greece and Spain are no longer haemorrhaging deposits shows that one of the aims of the ECB’s Outright Monetary Transactions programme is being fulfilled with the central bank yet to buy a single bond. Read more
Spanish banks could be €50bn short of new capital requirements, says Moody’s, revising its previous estimate of €17bn based on old requirements. This is roughly 5 per cent of Spanish GDP and considerably higher than the Spanish government’s estimate of €20bn.
Overall savings banks’ exposure to the real estate sector is €217bn, by Bank of Spain data. Of that, €100bn, or nearly half, is considered “problematic”. €28bn are under surveillance and considered risky; a further €28bn are more than 90 days past due; and €44bn are foreclosed. Problematic indeed. The most troubling sentence from the Moody’s report is that just 40 per cent of the €217bn loan exposure is collateralised by finished, completed housing:
Spanish banks have been lobbying the European Central Bank to act to ease the systemic fallout from the expiry of a €442bn ($542bn) funding programme this week, accusing the central bank of “absurd” behaviour in not renewing the scheme.
On Thursday, the clock runs out on the ECB financing programme – the largest amount ever lent in a single liquidity operation by the central bank – under the terms of the one-year special liquidity facility launched last summer. One senior bank executive said: “We are fighting them every day on this. It’s absurd.” Read more
Greece was so last month. As attention shifts to Spain, one argument runs that the country will receive greater concern from ‘core’ European countries than Greece. But why? Read more
** corrected at 16.40 to read “in the near future” instead of “next few days”
Spain’s central bank has thrown down the gauntlet to bank regulators elsewhere in Europe, saying it plans to publish the results of “stress tests” on the country’s financial institutions in the near future to clear up doubts about Spain’s banking system. (Berlin has also dropped resistance to the plan.) Read more
Attention is focusing on Spain. Dominique Strauss-Kahn – who’s in the region anyway, apparently – will take the opportunity to visit the country on Friday to discuss the economy with the PM.
Agenda items might include Spanish sources of debt, following a disappointing bill auction on Tuesday, highest government bond yield spreads since the mid-90s, and data from RBS showing that Spanish institutions’ net borrowing from the ECB is at an all-time high (see chart). Note that the Spain is bucking the euro area trend, which has seen total euro area net borrowing fall by a sixth since its April 2009 peak of €629bn. The white line shows Spain’s borrowing as a proportion: now at a high of 16.5 per cent. High borrowing from the ECB suggests Spain is struggling to raise debt at reasonable rates elsewhere.
Spain is tackling problems in its economy. A raft of austerity measures Read more