cosmonaut

Ground personnel help International Space Station (ISS) rew member Anton Shkaplerov of Russia out of the Soyuz TMA-15M shortly after landing near the town of Zhezkazgan, Kazakhstan, June 11, 2015. Three astronauts landed safely in the steppes of Kazakhstan on Thursday, ending their 199-day mission after an unexpected "bonus month" aboard the International Space Station, NASA Television showed

Bill Ingalls/NASA/Reuters

Ground personnel help International Space Station (ISS) crew member Anton Shkaplerov of Russia out of the Soyuz TMA-15M shortly after landing near the town of Zhezkazgan, Kazakhstan on Thursday

Ground personnel work on November 10, 20...Ground personnel work on November 10, 2014 next to the Soyuz TMA-13M capsule, carrying International Space Station (ISS) crew members of Alexander Gerst of Germany, Maxim Surayev of Russia and Reid Wiseman of the United States, after its landing near the town of Arkalyk in northern Kazakhstan. A veteran Russian cosmonaut and two International Space Station crewmates, one from the United States and one from Germany, returned safely to Earth on November 10 with a parachute landing of their Soyuz capsule in Kazakhstan, ending 5,5 months in orbit.    AFP PHOTO / POOL / SHAMIL ZHUMATOVSHAMIL ZHUMATOV/AFP/Getty Images

Shamil Zhumatov/AFP/Getty

Ground personnel work on the Soyuz TMA-13M capsule, carrying International Space Station crew members Alexander Gerst of Germany, Maxim Surayev of Russia and Reid Wiseman of the US, after its landing near the town of Arkalyk in northern Kazakhstan. 

Russian cosmonaut Artemyev looks out of the Soyuz capsule shortly after landing southeast of Dzhezkazgan

Maxim Shipenkov/Reuters

Russian cosmonaut Oleg Artemyev looks out of the Russian Soyuz TMA-12M space capsule shortly after landing southeast of Dzhezkazgan on Thursday.

Russia's President Vladimir Putin (L) listens to explanations and looks at an exhibit as he visits the Cosmonautics Memorial Museum in Moscow, Russia, 11 April 2014.

Sergei Karpukhin/EPA

Russia’s President Vladimir Putin visits the Memorial Museum of Cosmonautics in Moscow. On Saturday, Russia celebrates Cosmonautics day which marks Yuri Gagarin’s pioneering flight into space.

Soyuz TMA-11M spacecraft, moved for installation at a launch pad at a cosmodrome in Baikonur

Sergei Chirikov/EPA

Spectators watch the Soyuz TMA-11M spacecraft at its launch pad at the Baikonur Cosmodrome, Kazakhstan, on Tuesday. The crew members of the spacecraft, Russian cosmonaut Mikhail Tyurin, Nasa’s Richard Mastracchio and Koichi Wakata of Japan, are set to take off from the Russian-leased facility on November 7.