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Matthew Giarmo of Alexandria, Virginia, who lost his contract job with the Department of Health and Human Services in 2012, holds up a sign seeking a job with a lower salary than he would normally ask on a street corner October 8, 2013 in Washington, DC. With his wife furloughed from her job at the Smithsonian Institution due to the U.S. government shutdown, Giarmo, who has a Ph.D. in social-personality psychology, said he had no choice but to stand on the street to find work.

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Matthew Giarmo of Alexandria, Virginia, who lost his contract job with the Department of Health and Human Services in 2012, holds up a sign seeking a job with a lower salary than he would normally ask on a street corner in Washington, DC. With his wife furloughed from her job at the Smithsonian Institution due to the U.S. government shutdown, Giarmo, who has a Ph.D. in social-personality psychology, said he had no choice but to stand on the street to find work.