egypt

An Egyptian policeman stands in the midd...An Egyptian policeman stands in the middle of al-Haram street in Cairo on August 14, 2014, during clashes with Muslim Brotherhood supporters following a rally marking the first anniversary of a brutal Cairo crackdown. On August 14, 2013, after then army chief and now President Abdel Fattah al-Sisi had removed Egypt's first freely elected president Mohamed Morsi, the security forces cracked down on thousands of Morsi supporters at protest camps in Rabaa al-Adawiya and Nahda squares, leaving more than 700 people dead according to official estimates.

Mohamed Al-Shahed/AFP

A policeman stands in al-Haram street in Cairo, Egypt, during clashes with Muslim Brotherhood supporters following a rally marking the first anniversary of a Cairo crackdown

A Muslim man reads the Koran during the holy month of Ramadan inside Al-Refaie mosque in the old Islamic area of Cairo July 16, 2014.

Amr Abdallah Dalsh/Reuters

A Muslim man reads the Koran during the holy month of Ramadan inside Al-Refaie mosque in the old Islamic area of Cairo

An Egyptian riot policeman secures a street in front of burning tyres thrown by supporters of Muslim Brotherhood movement during their rally to mark the first anniversary of the military ouster of president Mohamed Morsi on July 3, 2014 in Cairo's Ain Shams district. Egyptian police swiftly quashed Islamist protests firing tear gas and arresting dozens of demonstrators, as the protests are seen as a test of the Islamists' strength, with the Muslim Brotherhood-led Anti Coup Alliance having issued an aggressive rallying cry demanding a "day of anger" to mark Morsi's overthrow.

Khaled Desouki/AFP

An Egyptian riot policeman secures a street in front of burning tyres thrown by supporters of Muslim Brotherhood movement during their rally to mark the first anniversary of the military ousting of president Mohamed Morsi on Thursday in Cairo’s Ain Shams district

BBC staff and colleagues from other news organisations take part in a one-minute silent protest outside New Broadcasting House against the seven-year jail terms given to three al-Jazeera journalists in Egypt  on June 24, 2014 in London, England.  A court in Cairo found al-Jazeera's Cairo bureau chief, Mohamed Fahmy, who is Canadian-Egyptian, Egyptian producer Baher Mohamed and Australian correspondent Peter Greste guilty of spreading false news.

Rob Stothard/Getty Images

BBC staff and colleagues from other news organisations take part in a one-minute silent protest outside New Broadcasting House in London against the seven-year jail terms given to three al-Jazeera journalists in Egypt on Tuesday

Al-Jazeera news channel's Australian journalist Peter Greste (L) and his colleagues, Egyptian-Canadian Mohamed Fadel Fahmy (C) and Egyptian Baher Mohamed , listen to the verdict inside the defendants cage during their trial for allegedly supporting the Muslim Brotherhood on June 23, 2014 at the police institute near Cairo's Tora prison. The Egyptian court sentenced the three Al-Jazeera journalists to jail terms ranging from seven to 10 years after accusing them of aiding the blacklisted Brotherhood.  Since the army ousted Islamist president Mohamed Morsi in July 2013, the authorities have been incensed by the Qatari network's coverage of their deadly crackdown on his supporters.

Khaled Desouki/AFP

Al-Jazeera news channel’s Australian journalist Peter Greste and his colleagues, Egyptian-Canadian Mohamed Fadel Fahmy and Egyptian Baher Mohamed, listen to the verdict inside the defendants cage during their trial for allegedly supporting the Muslim Brotherhood on Monday at the police institute near Cairo’s Tora prison

A Palestinian girl sits as she waits to be given the permission to cross into Egypt at the Rafah crossing in the southern Gaza Strip on April 29, 2014. The Gaza Strip's land border with Egypt reopened after a 29-day closure, but only for two days and then just for special cases, the Palestinian territory's Islamist rulers Hamas said.

Said Khatib/AFP

People wait to be permitted to cross into Egypt at the Rafah crossing in the southern Gaza Strip on Tuesday. The Gaza Strip’s border with Egypt reopened after a 29-day closure, but only for two days

Egypt sentences to death 683, including Muslim Brotherhood leader

EPA

Relatives react outside a court during the trial of supporters of toppled president Mohamed Morsi, in Minya, Egypt, on Monday. The court sentenced to death 683 Morsi supporters, including Muslim Brotherhood leader Mohammed Badie, a lawyer said. 

Egyptian students, supporters of the Muslim Brotherhood and ousted Islamist president Mohamed Morsi,  flash the four finger symbol known as "Rabaa", meaning four in Arabic, which is associated with those killed in the crackdown on the Rabaa al-Adawiya protest camp in Cairo last year, as they demonstrate outside Cairo University, on April 9, 2014. An Egyptian appeals court rejected a request that new judges be appointed for two trials involving ousted Islamist president Mohamed Morsi, judicial officials said.

Mahmoud Khaled/AFP

Egyptian students, supporters of the Muslim Brotherhood and ousted Islamist president Mohamed Morsi, flash the four finger symbol known as “Rabaa”, meaning four in Arabic, which is associated with those killed in the crackdown on the Rabaa al-Adawiya protest camp in Cairo last year, as they demonstrate outside Cairo University

An Egyptian policeman reacts as he walks through the site of a car bomb explosion that struck the Cairo police headquarters today

Mahmud Khaled/AFP

An Egyptian policeman walks through the site of a car bomb explosion that struck the Cairo police headquarters on Friday. 

Family members run away from tear gas during clashes between Egypt's security forces and supporters of ousted President Mohammed Morsi in Cairo, Egypt, Friday, Jan. 17, 2014. Morsi supporters held sporadic protests against this week's constitutional referendum as authorities said there was a deadly clash.

Aly Hazzaa/AP

Family members run away from tear gas during clashes between Egypt’s security forces and supporters of ousted President Mohammed Morsi in Cairo, Egypt

Members of the Egyptian security forces stand guard outside a polling station near The Saladin Citadel (background) on Mokattam hill near the center of Cairo during the second day of voting on a new constitution on January 15, 2014. Egyptians resumed voting in the constitutional referendum, with turnout expected to hold the key to a likely presidential bid by army chief Abdel Fattah al-Sisi after clashes killed nine the previous day.

Mahmoud Khaled/AFP

Members of the Egyptian security forces stand guard outside a polling station near the Saladin Citadel on Mokattam hill near the centre of Cairo during the second day of voting on a new constitution on Wednesday.

An Egyptian ululates in front of a polling station after casting her vote in Cairo, Egypt, Tuesday, Jan. 14, 2014. Egyptians have started voting on a draft for their country's new constitution that represents a key milestone in a military-backed roadmap put in place after President Mohammed Morsi was overthrown in a popularly backed coup last July. (AP Photo/Amr Nabil)

Amr Nabil/AP

Voting starts on a draft for Egypt’s new constitution that represents a key milestone in a military-backed road map put in place after President Mohammed Morsi was overthrown in a popularly backed coup in July. 

A supporter of the Muslim Brotherhood makes the Rabaa four-fingered gesture in front of a burning police vehicle in Cairo January 10, 2014. The four-fingered "Rabaa" sign is in reference to the police clearing of the Rabaa al-Adawiya protest camp on August 14 last year that killed hundreds of supporters of ousted President Mohamed Mursi who were camped out in Cairo.

Al Youm Al Saabi newspaper.Reuters

A supporter of the Muslim Brotherhood makes the Rabaa four-fingered gesture in front of a burning police vehicle in Cairo on Friday. The gesture has become a symbol of protest and refers to the clearing of the Rabaa al-Adawiya camp by security forces on August 14 last year that killed scores of supporters of ousted President Mohamed Morsi.

Supporters of ousted president Mohamed Morsi block a street during clashes with Egyptian security forces in Nasr City, Cairo on January 8, 2014. An Egyptian court adjourned the murder trial of deposed president  Morsi to February 1, citing "weather conditions" that prevented the Islamist's transport to court from prison.

Virginie Nguyen Hoang/AFP

Supporters of ousted President Mohamed Morsi block a street during clashes with Egyptian security forces in Nasr City, Cairo, on Wednesday. An Egyptian court adjourned the murder trial of Mr Morsi to February 1, citing “weather conditions” that prevented the Islamist’s transport to court from prison.

Egyptian students who support the Muslim Brotherhood (background) shoot fireworks at riot policemen (foreground) during clashes outside the University of Cairo campus in the capital

Mahmoud Khaled/AFP

Egyptian students who support the Muslim Brotherhood shoot fireworks at riot policemen during clashes outside the University of Cairo campus in the capital Cairo.

A supporter of the Muslim Brotherhood and ousted Egyptian President Mohamed Mursi shouts slogans in front of tear gas fired by riot police and army, during clashes at El-Talbyia near Giza square, south of Cairo, November 29, 2013. Mursi's supporters have staged frequent protests across Egypt, many of them after Friday prayers, since the army deposed him on July 3 in response to mass protests against his rule, and arrested most of the top leaders of his Muslim Brotherhood.

Amr Abdallah Dalsh/Reuters

A supporter of the Muslim Brotherhood and ousted Egyptian president Mohamed Morsi shouts slogans as riot police and soldiers fire tear gas during clashes at Talbiya, in Giza, Egypt

Female students of Al-Azhar University shout slogans against the military and interior ministry while gesturing with four fingers after last night's clashes as they block Moustafa Al Nahas street in front of Al-Azhar University Campus...Female students of Al-Azhar University, supporters of the Muslim Brotherhood and ousted Egyptian President Mohamed Mursi, shout slogans against the military and interior ministry while gesturing with four fingers after last night's clashes as they block Moustafa Al Nahas street in front of Al-Azhar University Campus at Cairo's Nasr City district, November 21, 2013. A student was shot dead in clashes late Wednesday between supporters of ousted Egyptian President Mohamed Mursi and security forces at Al-Azhar University in Cairo, state newspaper al-Ahram reported on Thursday. The "Rabaa" or "four" gesture is in reference to the police clearing of the Rabaa al-Adawiya protest camp on August 14.

Amr Abdallah Dalsh/Reuters

Female students of Al-Azhar University, supporters of the Muslim Brotherhood and ousted Egyptian president Mohamed Morsi, shout slogans against the military and interior ministry as they block Moustafa Al Nahas street in front of university campus at Cairo’s Nasr City district

Egyptians shout slogans as they gather in Mohammed Mahmud street to mark the anniversary of anti-military protests on November 19, 2013 in Cairo. Dozens of supporters and opponents of the army gathered in Tahrir to mark the anniversary of anti-military protests, amid mounting anger over a memorial to those killed in Egypt's uprising.

Mahmoud Khaled/AFP

Egyptians gather in Cairo’s Mohammed Mahmud street to mark the two-year anniversary of anti-military protests that broke out nine months after the ousting of Hosni Mubarak in 2011. Dozens of supporters and opponents of the army gathered in Tahrir Square on Tuesday to mark the anniversary. Earlier a memorial to those killed in Egypt’s uprising was defaced by anti-military protesters.

Jordanian women from Islamic Movements hold placards depicting the four-finger salute during a protest against the trial of the ousted Egyptian President Mohamed Morsi, in front of Egyptian embassy in Amman, Jordan.

Jamal Nasrallah/EPA

Jordanian women from Islamic movements hold placards depicting the four-finger salute during a protest against the trial of the ousted Egyptian president Mohamed Morsi, in front of the Egyptian embassy in Amman, Jordan.

A supporter of Egypt's ousted President Mohammed Morsi shouts to a police officer outside of a police academy compound were the trial of ousted President Mohammed Morsi is held in Cairo, Egypt, Monday, Nov. 4 2013. After four months in secret detention, Egypt's deposed Islamist president defiantly rejected a court's authority to try him Monday, saying he was the country's "legitimate" leader and those that overthrew him should face charges instead. The trial was then adjourned until Jan. 8 after several interruptions.

Manu Brabo/AP

A supporter of Egypt’s ousted president Mohamed Morsi on Monday shouts at police officers outside a police academy compound where the trial of the former president is being held in Cairo, Egypt.