Herat

A young Afghan refugee pauses as she plays with others in Manrha refugee camp on the outskirts of Herat on July 9, 2015.

Aref Karimi/AFP

A young Afghan refugee pauses as she plays with others in Manrha refugee camp on the outskirts of Herat on Thursday

Aref Karim/AFP/Getty

Afghan women wait with a child to get food from distribution scheme held during Ramadan in Herat. Across the Muslim world, the faithful fast from dawn to dusk and strive to be more pious during the holy month, which ends with the Eid holiday 

A health worker administers a polio vaccine to a child, in Enjil district of Herat, Afghanistan, 11 May 2015. Pakistan, Nigeria and Afghanistan are considered to be the only countries where the poliovirus is still endemic.

Jalil Rezayee/EPA

A health worker administers a polio vaccine to a child, in Enjil district of Herat, Afghanistan on Monday. Pakistan, Nigeria and Afghanistan are considered to be the only countries where the poliovirus is still endemic

To go with story Afghanistan-unrest-agriculture   In this photograph taken on November 18, 2014, Afghan workers carry picked saffron flowers to be delivered to a farmer in the Ghoriyan District of Herat. Saffron cultivation needs lots of land and a lot of labour, but the world's most expensive spice might be an economic lifeline for Afghanistan with international financial support set to fall in the coming years. In Herat, about 6,000 people -- 4,000 of them women -- are employed in saffron farming on 800 acres (325 hectares) of land, with the product exported to India, Europe, the United States and China. AFP PHOTO / Aref KARIMIAref Karimi/AFP/Getty Images

Aref Karimi/AFP/Getty

Workers deliver saffron flowers to a farmer in the Ghoriyan district of Herat. Saffron cultivation requires a great deal of land and intensive labour, but the world’s most expensive spice could be an economic lifeline for Afghanistan. In Herat, about 6,000 people – 4,000 of them women – are employed in saffron farming on 800 acres of land. 

An Afghan labourer poses at an aluminium...An Afghan labourer poses at an aluminium workshop in Herat on May 27, 2014. Some 100 people work in the Herat Aluminium factory with around around 70 to 100 tons of aluminium produced each month, with most all of its products used domestically.

Aref Karimi/AFP/Getty

An Afghan labourer poses at an aluminium workshop in Herat. About 100 people work in the Herat aluminium factory, which produces 70-100 tons of aluminium each month, mostly for domestic use 

Afghan worker prepares candies at a factory in Herat, Afghanistan, 16 April 2014. The economy of Afghanistan has improved significantly since 2002 due to the induction of billions of dollars in international aid and investments. The recent improvement is also due to remarkable progress in agricultural production especially Grapes, Pomegranates, Apricots, melons and superior Potatoes.

Jalil Rezayee/EPA

An Afghan worker prepares candies at a factory in Herat, Afghanistan on Wednesday. The nation’s economy has improved significantly since 2002 due to billions of dollars in international aid and investments.

Afghan girls hold flags during a campaign rally for Afghan presidential candidate Abdullah Abdullah in Herat, Afghanistan. The writing on the flags reads, "number 1," which refers to Abdullah's number on ballot papers. Eight Afghan presidential candidates are campaigning for the third presidential election. Elections will take place on April 5, 2014.

Hoshang Hashimi/AP

Girls wave flags at a campaign rally for Afghan presidential candidate Abdullah Abdullah, in Herat. The flags read “number 1 , Abdullah’s number on ballot papers. Eight candidates are campaigning for the country’s third presidential election, to be held on April 5.

Afghan residents queue to receive their voter cards for the upcoming presidential election at a voter registration centre in Herat on March 31, 2014. Crowds queued up outside voter registration centres in Afghanistan and presidential candidates held large outdoor rallies for supporters five days ahead of elections that have been shaken by Taliban attacks. The vote, which will choose a successor to President Hamid Karzai, comes as US-led foreign troops withdraw after 13 years of fighting the fierce Islamist insurgency raging across the south and east of the country.

Behrouz Mehri/AFP

Voters queue to receive their polling cards, for the upcoming presidential election in Afghanistan, at a registration centre in Herat on Monday. Presidential candidates held large outdoor rallies five days ahead of elections that have been shaken by Taliban attacks.

An Afghan child warms herself near a traditional "sandali" stove at her family's home in Herat on February 7, 2014. As winter sets in across Central Asia, many Afghans struggle to provide adequate food and shelter for their families.

Aref Karimi/AFP

An Afghan child warms herself near a traditional sandali stove at her family’s home in Herat, Afghanistan, on Friday. As winter sets in across Central Asia, finding adequate food and shelter is a struggle for many Afghans.

An Afghan family walks during sunset in

Aref Karimi/AFP/Getty Images

An Afghan family walks during sunset in Herat on Tuesday. Over a third of Afghans are living in abject poverty, a UN report said.

Afghanistan Saffron...epa03968559 A picture made available on 28 November 2013 shows Afghan women collecting Saffron flowers from the feilds in Gozara district of Herat, Afghanistan, 27 November 2013. Saffron has been indicated as an alternative to opium, while the price and demand for it is increasing day by day. Saffron is one of the highly prized spices known since antiquity for its color, flavor and medicinal properties.  EPA/JALIL REZAYEE

Jalil Rezayee/EPA

Afghan women collecting saffron flowers from fields in the Gozara district of Herat. Saffron is prized for its colour, flavour and medicinal properties. It has been indicated as an alternative to opium, and the price and demand for it is increasing. 

An Afghan health worker (2R) administers a polio vaccination to a child on the first day of a vaccination campaign in Herat. A new three-day nationwide immunisation campaign against polio began supported by Afghanistan's Ministry of Public Health country wide, officials said.

Aref Karimi/AFP

A health worker administers a polio vaccination to a child in Herat, Afghanistan, at the start of a three-day nationwide immunisation campaign against polio, supported by the country’s Ministry of Public Health

Afghan boys transport containers of water with a wheelbarrow on the outskirts of Herat on Tuesday. The war-torn country still faces poverty, unemployment and lack of infrastructure despite western aid money which has flooded Afghanistan in the 11 years since a US-led invasion toppled the hard line Islamist Taliban regime.

Aref Karimi/AFP

Afghan boys transport containers of water with a wheelbarrow on the outskirts of Herat, Afghanistan on Tuesday. The war-torn country still faces poverty, unemployment and lack of infrastructure despite western aid that has flooded Afghanistan in the 11 years since a US-led invasion toppled the Islamist Taliban regime.

A former Taliban fighter looks on during...A former Taliban fighter looks on during a ceremony after joining Afghan government forces in Herat on August 7, 2013. About 100,000 foreign combat troops, 68,000 of them from the US, are due to exit by the end of 2014, and NATO formally transferred responsibility for nationwide security to Afghan forces a week ago. AFP PHOTO/ Aref KarimAref iKarimi/AFP/Getty Images

Aref iKarimi/AFP

A former Taliban fighter looks on during a ceremony after joining Afghan government forces in Herat on Wednesday. About 100,000 foreign combat troops, 68,000 of them from the US, are due to leave by the end of 2014, and NATO formally transferred responsibility for nationwide security to Afghan forces a week ago. 

An Afghan boy searches for recyclable garbage at the site where the garbage of the city is dumped in Herat, Afghanistan, 12 June 2013. World Day Against Child Labor will be observed on 12 June across the world including Afghanistan to raise awareness and contribute to ending child labor. The theme of this year's "No to child labour in domestic work".

Jalil Rezayee/EPA

An Afghan boy searches for recyclable garbage at the city’s landfill in Herat, Afghanistan

An Afghan girl stands in the doorway of her house in the old sector of Herat on June 5, 2013.  Over a third of Afghans are living in abject poverty, as those in power are more concerned about addressing their vested interests rather than the basic needs of the population, a UN report said.  AFP PHOTO/Aref KARIMIAref Karimi/AFP/Getty Images

Aref Karimi/AFP

An Afghan girl stands in the doorway of her house in the old sector of Herat on Wednesday. Over a third of Afghans are living in abject poverty, as those in power are more concerned about addressing their vested interests rather than the basic needs of the population, a UN report said. 

Afghan confectioners work at a traditional sweets factory in Herat on May 14, 2013. Some nine million Afghans or 36 percent of the population are living in "absolute poverty" while another 37 percent live barely above the poverty line, according to a UN report.

Aref Karimi/AFP

Afghan confectioners work at a traditional sweets factory in Herat. Some 9 million Afghans or 36 per cent of the population are living in “absolute poverty”, while another 37 per cent live barely above the poverty line, according to a UN report.