ISS

This image released by NASA December 15,...This image released by NASA December 15, 2014 shows the easily recognized boot of Italy, with Sicily at its toe, spread across this panorama taken October 21 by astronauts aboard the International Space Station(ISS). On a clear night looking east, the pattern of night lights shows populations concentrated mainly along the coastlines, but also in the Po River Valley of northern Italy(L). Some of the brightest clusters of lights are Rome and nearby Naples, with island cities of Cagliari on Sardinia and Catania on Sicilynow well-known as the hometown of European Space Agency astronaut Luca Parmitano. The small, dark, circular patch dangerously close to Catania marks the unpopulated slopes of the active volcano Etna. Hazy lights, as over the Po valley and Rome, probably indicate thin clouds above. The island of Malta appears at the lower right. The airglow line is vivid in this night shot. AFP PHOTO / HANDOUT / NASA   == RESTRICTED TO EDITORIAL USE / MANDATORY CREDIT: "AFP PHOTO / HANDOUT / NASA  "/ NO MARKETING / NO ADVERTISING CAMPAIGNS / NO A LA CARTE SALES / DISTRIBUTED AS A SERVICE TO CLIENTS ==Handout/AFP/Getty Images

NASA/AFP/Getty

This image released by Nasa on Monday shows the easily recognised ‘boot of Italy‘, with Sicily at its toe. On a clear night looking east, the pattern of night lights shows populations concentrated mainly along the coastlines.

German Astronaut Alexander Gerst Aboard The International Space Station...IN SPACE - SEPTEMBER 9: (EDITORIAL USE ONLY) In this handout photo provided by the European Space Agency (ESA) on September 9, 2014, German ESA astronaut Alexander Gerst took this image of an aurora as he circled Earth whilst aboard the International Space Station (ISS). Gerst returned to earth on November 10, 2014 after spending six months on the International Space Station completing an extensive scientific programme, known as the 'Blue Dot' mission (after astronomer Carl Sagan's description of Earth, as seen on a photograph taken by the Voyager probe from six billion kilometres away). (Photo by Alexander Gerst / ESA via Getty Images)

ESA/Getty

In this handout photo provided by the European Space Agency (ESA).German ESA astronaut Alexander Gerst took this image of an aurora as he circled Earth whilst aboard the International Space Station (ISS). Gerst returned to earth on Monday after spending six months on the International Space Station completing an extensive scientific programme, known as the ‘Blue Dot’ mission (after astronomer Carl Sagan’s description of Earth, as seen on a photograph taken by the Voyager probe from six billion kilometres away). 

Ground personnel work on November 10, 20...Ground personnel work on November 10, 2014 next to the Soyuz TMA-13M capsule, carrying International Space Station (ISS) crew members of Alexander Gerst of Germany, Maxim Surayev of Russia and Reid Wiseman of the United States, after its landing near the town of Arkalyk in northern Kazakhstan. A veteran Russian cosmonaut and two International Space Station crewmates, one from the United States and one from Germany, returned safely to Earth on November 10 with a parachute landing of their Soyuz capsule in Kazakhstan, ending 5,5 months in orbit.    AFP PHOTO / POOL / SHAMIL ZHUMATOVSHAMIL ZHUMATOV/AFP/Getty Images

Shamil Zhumatov/AFP/Getty

Ground personnel work on the Soyuz TMA-13M capsule, carrying International Space Station crew members Alexander Gerst of Germany, Maxim Surayev of Russia and Reid Wiseman of the US, after its landing near the town of Arkalyk in northern Kazakhstan. 

Hurricane Gonzalo was taken from the International Space Station by European Space Agency astronaut Alexander Gerst.  The resort island chain of Bermuda braced October 17, 2014 for a hit from Hurricane Gonzalo, forecast to produce flooding, strong winds and a life-threatening storm surge. The capital Hamilton was eerily quiet as people retreated to the safety of their homes. Schools, businesses, grocery stores and government offices all closed early Thursday, and many people boarded up the windows of their homes and placed sandbags outside in preparation. As of early Friday, Gonzalo's winds were whirling at 125 miles (200 kilometers) per hour, with even stronger gusts, the US National Hurricane Center said. Gonzalo has already killed one person in the Caribbean and triggered a hurricane warning for the British overseas territory, which is home to around 60,000 people.

Alexander Gerst/NASA/AFP

Hurricane Gonzalo was taken from the International Space Station by European Space Agency astronaut Alexander Gerst. The resort island chain of Bermuda braced on Friday for a hit from Hurricane Gonzalo, forecast to produce flooding, strong winds and a life-threatening storm surge

Baikonur cosmodrome in Kazakhstan...epaselect epa04417739 The Soyuz TMA 14 M blast off from Baikonur cosmodrome, Kazakhstan 26 September 2014, carrying members of the mission Russian cosmonauts Alexander Samokutyaev, Elena Serova and NASA astronaut Barry Wilmore to the International Space Station.  EPA/YURI KOCHETKOV

Yuri Kochetkov/EPA

The Soyuz TMA 14 M blast off from Baikonur cosmodrome, Kazakhstan carrying members of the mission Russian cosmonauts Alexander Samokutyaev, Elena Serova and NASA astronaut Barry Wilmore to the International Space Station. 

A man takes a photo of the Soyuz TMA-14M spacecraft as it is lifted to its launch pad at Baikonur cosmodrome...A man takes a photo of the Soyuz TMA-14M spacecraft as it is lifted to its launch pad at Baikonur cosmodrome September 23, 2014. The Soyuz is scheduled to carry Barry Wilmore of the U.S., Elena Serova and Alexander Samokutyaev of Russia to the International Space Station on September 26. REUTERS/Shamil Zhumatov (KAZAKHSTAN - Tags: SCIENCE TECHNOLOGY)

Shamil Zhumatov/Reuters

A man takes a photo of the Soyuz TMA-14M spacecraft as it is lifted to its launch pad at Baikonur cosmodrome. The Soyuz is scheduled to carry Barry Wilmore of the US, Elena Serova and Alexander Samokutyaev of Russia to the International Space Station on Friday 

Earth seen from the International Space Station...epa04383191 A handout picture made available by NASA on 04 September 2014 shows a view of Earth taken by NASA astronaut Gregory Reid Wiseman of the US from the International Space Station (ISS) on space, 02 September 2014. The Expedition 40 crew has been busy on the ISS performing health checks and humanoid robot upgrades. A trio of orbital residents is packing up gear as they prepare to return home in less than two weeks. Commander Steve Swanson powered down and stowed Robonaut 2 after wrapping up its mobility upgrades this week. He installed new legs on the humanoid robot including external and internal gear as well as cables. This sets the stage for more upgrades in the fall before Robonaut takes its first steps as an assistant crew member. Robonaut was designed to enhance crew productivity and safety while also aiding people on Earth with physical disabilities.  EPA/NASA/REID WISEMAN  HANDOUT EDITORIAL USE ONLY

Reid Wiseman/Nasa/Epa

A view of earth taken by Nasa astronaut Gregory Reid Wiseman from the International Space Station, where the Expedition 40 crew have been performing health checks and humanoid robot upgrades 

Russian cosmonauts complete spacewalk...epa04268342 A handout picture released via NASA astronaut Reid Wiseman's twitter account on 20 June 2014 shows Russian cosmonauts Alexander Skvortsov and Oleg Artemyev during a spacewalk outside the International Space Station (ISS), 19 June 2014. According to NASA, Russian cosmonauts Alexander Skvortsov and Oleg Artemyev completed a spacewalk outside the Russian segment of the ISS where they installed a communications system antenna and conducted experiments. The spacewalk lasted 7 hours and 23 minutes.  EPA/REID WISEMAN / NASA / HANDOUT  HANDOUT EDITORIAL USE ONLY

Reid Wiseman/NASA/EPA

A handout picture released via NASA astronaut Reid Wiseman’s twitter account on 20 shows Russian cosmonauts Alexander Skvortsov and Oleg Artemyev during a spacewalk outside the International Space Station (ISS). According to NASA, Russian cosmonauts Alexander Skvortsov and Oleg Artemyev completed a spacewalk outside the Russian segment of the ISS where they installed a communications system antenna and conducted experiments. The spacewalk lasted 7 hours and 23 minutes 

The Soyuz-FG rocket booster with Soyuz TMA-13M space ship carrying a new crew to the International Space Station, ISS, flies in the sky at the Russian leased Baikonur cosmodrome, Kazakhstan, Thursday, May 29, 2014. Circular star tracks around the Polar Star and track of the rocket a the result of the long time exposure. (AP Photo/Dmitry Lovetsky)

Dmitry Lovetsky/AP

The Soyuz TMA-13M space ship launches atop the Soyuz-FG rocket booster at the Russian leased Baikonur cosmodrome in Kazakhstan, carrying a new crew to the International Space Station. Circular star tracks around the Polar Star and track of the rocket are the result of long time exposure 

U.S. astronaut Michael Hopkins and Russian cosmonauts Oleg Kotov and Sergey Ryazanskiy put on space suits before a training session at the Star City space centre outside Moscow...U.S. astronaut Michael Hopkins (L) and Russian cosmonauts Oleg Kotov (C) and Sergey Ryazanskiy put on space suits before a training session at the Star City space centre outside Moscow, August 23, 2013. Hopkins, Kotov and Ryazanskiy are scheduled to be part of a mission to the International Space Station (ISS) that will launch in September 2013.

Sergei Remezov/Reuters

US astronaut Michael Hopkins, left, and Russian cosmonauts Oleg Kotov, centre, and Sergey Ryazanskiy put on spacesuits before a training session at the Star City space centre outside Moscow. Mr Hopkins, Mr Kotov and Mr Ryazanskiy are scheduled to be part of a mission to the International Space Station that will launch in September 2013.