moscow

Russian soldiers wearing WWII-era white winter camouflage smocks, holding skis and carrying Mosin rifles stand at Red Square in Moscow, during a rehearsal of the upcoming military parade marking the 72nd anniversary of the November 7, 1941, parade, when Red Army troops marched past the Kremlin and then went directly to the front line to fight the German army which was at the gates of the Russian capital.

Vasily Maximov/AFP/Getty Images

Russian soldiers in second world war-era winter camouflage smocks carry skis and rifles in Red Square, Moscow, during a rehearsal for the forthcoming military parade to mark the 72nd anniversary of the November 7 1941 parade. Then, Red Army troops marched past the Kremlin and continued directly to the front line to fight the German army, which was at the gates of the Russian capital.

Nationalist demonstrator wears a masks as others carry a banner reading "Today a Mosque - tomorrow Jihad" at left,  during a march to mark National Unity Day, in Moscow, Russia, on Monday, Nov. 4, 2013. Several thousand Russian nationalists rallied Monday in Moscow, venting against the migrants they accuse of pushing up the crime rate and taking their jobs. The protest took place on the national holiday of Unity Day, established in 2005 to replace commemorations of the Bolshevik Revolution.

Ivan Sekretarev/AP

Nationalist demonstrator wears a mask as others carry a banner reading ‘Today a Mosque – tomorrow Jihad’, during a march to mark National Unity Day, in Moscow, Russia. Several thousand Russian nationalists rallied in Moscow on Monday, venting against the migrants they accuse of pushing up the crime rate and taking their jobs.

Visitors look at Kalashnikov automatic rifles during the Arms and Hunting Exhibition in Moscow, Russia, 10 October 2013. The exhibition that runs from 10 to 13 October 2013.

Yuri kochetkov/EPA

Visitors look at a display of Kalashnikov automatic rifles at the Arms and Hunting Exhibition in Moscow, Russia, on Thursday, which runs from 10 to 13 October 2013

Russia's President Vladimir Putin, gestures as he walks past U.S. President Barack Obama, as he takes his place at a group photo outside of the Konstantin Palace in St. Petersburg, Russia .

Ivan Sekretarev/AP

Russia’s President Vladimir Putin gets a laugh as he takes his place at a group photo of G20 leaders outside the Konstantin Palace in St Petersburg, Russia.

U.S. astronaut Michael Hopkins and Russian cosmonauts Oleg Kotov and Sergey Ryazanskiy put on space suits before a training session at the Star City space centre outside Moscow...U.S. astronaut Michael Hopkins (L) and Russian cosmonauts Oleg Kotov (C) and Sergey Ryazanskiy put on space suits before a training session at the Star City space centre outside Moscow, August 23, 2013. Hopkins, Kotov and Ryazanskiy are scheduled to be part of a mission to the International Space Station (ISS) that will launch in September 2013.

Sergei Remezov/Reuters

US astronaut Michael Hopkins, left, and Russian cosmonauts Oleg Kotov, centre, and Sergey Ryazanskiy put on spacesuits before a training session at the Star City space centre outside Moscow. Mr Hopkins, Mr Kotov and Mr Ryazanskiy are scheduled to be part of a mission to the International Space Station that will launch in September 2013.

Britain's Mo Farah, right, crosses the finish line to win the men's 5000-meter final ahead of Ethiopia's Hagos Gebrhiwet, left, and Kenya's Isiah Kiplangat Koech, second from left, at the World Athletics Championships in the Luzhniki stadium in Moscow, Russia, Friday, Aug. 16, 2013. (AP Photo/Anja Niedringhaus)

Anja Niedringhaus/AP

Britain’s Mo Farah, right, crosses the finish line to win the men’s 5000-metre final ahead of Ethiopia’s Hagos Gebrhiwet, left, and Kenya’s Isiah Kiplangat Koech, second from left, at the World Athletics Championships in the Luzhniki Stadium in Moscow, Russia, on Friday. 

Yelena Babkini and her husband Boris walk through Gorky Park with their bicycles after having been married earlier in the day in Moscow...Yelena Babkini (R) and her husband Boris walk through Gorky Park with their bicycles after having been married earlier in the day in Moscow, August 15, 2013. REUTERS/Gary Hershorn (RUSSIA - Tags: SOCIETY)

Gary Hershorn/Reuters

Yelena Babkini and her husband Boris walk through Gorky Park with their bicycles after having been married earlier on Thursday in Moscow 

United States' Inika Mcpherson competes in a women's high jump qualification at the World Athletics Championships in the Luzhniki stadium in Moscow, Russia, Thursday, Aug. 15, 2013. (AP Photo/Martin Meissner)

Martin Meissner/AP

United States’ Inika McPherson competes in a women’s high jump qualification at the World Athletics Championships in the Luzhniki stadium in Moscow, Russia on Thursday 

Athletes compete in a women's 5000-meter heat at the World Athletics Championships in the Luzhniki stadium in Moscow, Russia, Wednesday, Aug. 14, 2013. (AP Photo/Martin Meissner)

Martin Meissner/AP

Athletes compete in a women’s 5,000m heat at the World Athletics Championships in the Luzhniki stadium in Moscow, Russia 

Competitors jump a water obstacle in the men's 3000 metres steeplechase heat during the IAAF World Athletics Championships at the Luzhniki Stadium in Moscow...Competitors jump a water obstacle in the men's 3000 metres steeplechase heat during the IAAF World Athletics Championships at the Luzhniki Stadium in Moscow August 12, 2013.

Kai Pfaffenbach/Reuters

Competitors jump a water obstacle in the men’s 3,000m steeplechase heat during the IAAF World Athletics Championships at the Luzhniki stadium in Moscow on Monday

Sprinters from the Netherlands practice their starts

Kai Pfaffenbach/Reuters

Sprinters from the Netherlands practice their starts during a training session for the IAAF World Athletics Championships at the Luzhniki stadium in Moscow

Volunteers take a break during a rehearsal for the opening ceremony of the 14th IAAF World Championships in Moscow...Volunteers take a break during a rehearsal for the opening ceremony of the 14th IAAF World Championships at the Olympic stadium in Moscow August 7, 2013. The event will be held from August 10 to 18. REUTERS/Fabrizio Bensch (RUSSIA - Tags: SPORT ATHLETICS)

Fabrizio Bensch/Reuters

Volunteers take a break during a rehearsal on Wednesday for the opening ceremony of the 14th International Association of Athletics Federations World Championships at the Olympic stadium in Moscow

Russian police officers stand outside the embassy of Venezuela in Moscow...Russian police officers stand outside the embassy of Venezuela in Moscow, August 1, 2013. Fugitive former U.S. spy agency contractor Edward Snowden slipped quietly out of Moscow's Sheremetyevo airport on Thursday after Russia granted him temporary asylum, ending more than a month in limbo in the transit area. Venezuela with Nicaragua and Bolivia have offered Snowden refuge but there are no direct commercial flights to Latin America and he was concerned the United States would intercept his flight to prevent him reaching his destination.

Grigory Dukor/Reuters

Russian police officers stand outside the embassy of Venezuela in Moscow on Thursday, the same day it was announced that Edward Snowden, the National Security Agency leaker, has left the city’s Sheremetyevo airport after Russia granted him temporary asylum, ending more than a month in limbo in the transit area. Venezuela is one of the countries, with Nicaragua and Bolivia, to have offered Snowden refuge. 

Police officers guard the entrances  inside the terminal F of Moscow's Sheremetyevo airport, on July 12, 2013, during a meeting between Russian rights activists and lawyers with US National Security Agency (NSA) fugitive leaker Edward Snowden. Snowden, who is  reportedly remains in the airport transit zone, told today a group of activists in a meeting at Sheremetyevo airport that he wanted to claim asylum in Russia because he is unable to fly on anywhere else.

Kirill Kudryavtsev/AFP

Police officers guard the entrances inside terminal F of Moscow’s Sheremetyevo airport, on Friday, during a meeting between Edward Snowden and human rights activists and lawyers. The US fugitive whistleblower told the group that he wanted to claim asylum in Russia because he is unable to fly on anywhere else.

People perform a Gangnam style dance during a flash mob before the arrival of South Korean rapper Psy in Moscow...People perform a Gangnam style dance during a flash mob before the arrival of South Korean rapper Psy at the Olympiyskiy (Olympic) sports and entertainment complex in Moscow, June 6, 2013. Psy is in Moscow to take part in the MUZ-TV music awards ceremony on June 7, according to local media. REUTERS/Tatyana Makeyeva (RUSSIA  - Tags: ENTERTAINMENT SOCIETY)

Tatyana Makeyeva/Reuters

Russians perform a Gangnam-style dance during a flash mob before the arrival of South Korean rapper Psy at the Olympiyskiy (Olympic) sports and entertainment complex in Moscow on Thursday. 

epa03725233 Russian President Vladimir Putin (C) arrives for a meeting of the Russian State Council in the Moscow Kremlin, Russia, 31 May 2013.  EPA/MIKHAIL KLIMENTYEV/RIA NOVOSTI/KREMLIN POOL MANDATORY CREDIT

Mikhail Klimentyev/EPA

Vladimir Putin, the Russian president, arrives for a meeting of the State Council in the Kremlin in Moscow on Friday

Russia Victory Day

Ivan Sekretarev/AP

Russian second world war veterans leave Red Square after the Victory Day parade on Thursday. Vladimir Putin, Russian President, said at the annual military procession that Russia will be a guarantor of world security. Mr Putin’s short speech came at the culmination of Victory Day, marking the defeat of Nazi Germany 68 years ago. It is Russia’s most important secular holiday, honouring the huge military and civilian losses of the second world war and showing off the country’s modern arsenal

Russia Victory Parade rehearsals, Moscow

Alexander Zemlianichenko/AP

Russian army jet fighters rehearse their fly past on Tuesday over St Basil Cathedral for the Victory day military parade. The display will take place at Moscow’s Red Square on May 9 to celebrate victory in the second world war 68 years on

Russian President Vladimir Putin (L) welcomes Japanese Prime Minister Shinzo Abe (R) during their meeting in the Kremlin in Moscow, Russia 29 April 2013. The meeting is to discuss bilateral cooperation and international issues, including the situation on the Korean peninsula.

Kirill Kudryavtsev/EPA

Russian president Vladimir Putin (left) welcomes Japanese prime minister Shinzo Abe during their meeting in the Kremlin in Moscow. The meeting is to discuss bilateral co-operation and international issues, including the situation on the Korean peninsula.

 Russian feminist punk-rock band Pussy Riot member Nadezhda Tolokonnikova attends a court session at the Zubova Polyana district court in town of Zubova Polyana, 440 Km southeast from Moscow, Republic of Mordovia, Russia, 26 April 2013. The court considers Nadezhda Tolokonnikova's appeal for parole. In August 2012 three members of Russian feminist punk-rock band Pussy Riot, Yekaterina Samutsevich, Maria Alyokhina and Nadezhda Tolokonnikova, were sentenced to two years in prison on charges of hooliganism motivated by religious hatred after singing a song in the Christ the Savior cathedral in Moscow in February 2012 ahead of presidential elections in Russia.

Maxim Shipenkov/EPA

Russian feminist punk band Pussy Riot member Nadezhda Tolokonnikova attends a court session at the Zubova Polyana district court, 440km southeast from Moscow on Friday.