Muslim Brotherhood

Egyptian policemen secure Egypt s national police academy, where an Egyptian criminal court sentenced ousted Islamist President Mohammed Morsi and 12 Brotherhood leaders and Islamist supporters to 20 years in prison over the killing of protesters in 2012, in Cairo, Egypt, Tuesday, April 21, 2015. The ruling, which can be appealed, reflects the dramatic downfall of Morsi and the drastic challenges facing Egypt since its 2011 uprising that forced longtime autocrat Hosni Mubarak from power

Amr Nabil/AP

Egyptian policemen secure Egypt’s national police academy, where on Tuesday an Egyptian criminal court sentenced ousted Islamist President Mohammed Morsi and 12 Muslim Brotherhood leaders and Islamist supporters to 20 years in prison over the killing of protesters in 2012 in Cairo.

Supporters of the Muslim Brotherhood and ousted Egyptian President Mohamed Mursi shout slogans against the military and the interior ministry during a protest in Cairo...Supporters of the Muslim Brotherhood and ousted Egyptian President Mohamed Mursi shout slogans against the military and the interior ministry during a protest in Cairo November 28, 2014. Security was stepped up across Egypt on Friday (November 28), ahead of expected protests that were feared to escalate into violence. Egypt's ultra-conservative Islamist Salafi Front group called on supporters to demonstrate while carrying the Koran to defend what they say is the nation's 'Islamic identity'.

Mohamed Abd El Ghany/Reuters

Supporters of the Muslim Brotherhood and ousted Egyptian President Mohamed Morsi shout slogans against the military and the interior ministry during a protest in Cairo. Security was stepped up across Egypt on Friday, ahead of expected protests that were feared to escalate into violence

An Egyptian riot policeman secures a street in front of burning tyres thrown by supporters of Muslim Brotherhood movement during their rally to mark the first anniversary of the military ouster of president Mohamed Morsi on July 3, 2014 in Cairo's Ain Shams district. Egyptian police swiftly quashed Islamist protests firing tear gas and arresting dozens of demonstrators, as the protests are seen as a test of the Islamists' strength, with the Muslim Brotherhood-led Anti Coup Alliance having issued an aggressive rallying cry demanding a "day of anger" to mark Morsi's overthrow.

Khaled Desouki/AFP

An Egyptian riot policeman secures a street in front of burning tyres thrown by supporters of Muslim Brotherhood movement during their rally to mark the first anniversary of the military ousting of president Mohamed Morsi on Thursday in Cairo’s Ain Shams district

Al-Jazeera news channel's Australian journalist Peter Greste (L) and his colleagues, Egyptian-Canadian Mohamed Fadel Fahmy (C) and Egyptian Baher Mohamed , listen to the verdict inside the defendants cage during their trial for allegedly supporting the Muslim Brotherhood on June 23, 2014 at the police institute near Cairo's Tora prison. The Egyptian court sentenced the three Al-Jazeera journalists to jail terms ranging from seven to 10 years after accusing them of aiding the blacklisted Brotherhood.  Since the army ousted Islamist president Mohamed Morsi in July 2013, the authorities have been incensed by the Qatari network's coverage of their deadly crackdown on his supporters.

Khaled Desouki/AFP

Al-Jazeera news channel’s Australian journalist Peter Greste and his colleagues, Egyptian-Canadian Mohamed Fadel Fahmy and Egyptian Baher Mohamed, listen to the verdict inside the defendants cage during their trial for allegedly supporting the Muslim Brotherhood on Monday at the police institute near Cairo’s Tora prison

Egypt sentences to death 683, including Muslim Brotherhood leader

EPA

Relatives react outside a court during the trial of supporters of toppled president Mohamed Morsi, in Minya, Egypt, on Monday. The court sentenced to death 683 Morsi supporters, including Muslim Brotherhood leader Mohammed Badie, a lawyer said. 

Egyptian students, supporters of the Muslim Brotherhood and ousted Islamist president Mohamed Morsi,  flash the four finger symbol known as "Rabaa", meaning four in Arabic, which is associated with those killed in the crackdown on the Rabaa al-Adawiya protest camp in Cairo last year, as they demonstrate outside Cairo University, on April 9, 2014. An Egyptian appeals court rejected a request that new judges be appointed for two trials involving ousted Islamist president Mohamed Morsi, judicial officials said.

Mahmoud Khaled/AFP

Egyptian students, supporters of the Muslim Brotherhood and ousted Islamist president Mohamed Morsi, flash the four finger symbol known as “Rabaa”, meaning four in Arabic, which is associated with those killed in the crackdown on the Rabaa al-Adawiya protest camp in Cairo last year, as they demonstrate outside Cairo University

A supporter of the Muslim Brotherhood makes the Rabaa four-fingered gesture in front of a burning police vehicle in Cairo January 10, 2014. The four-fingered "Rabaa" sign is in reference to the police clearing of the Rabaa al-Adawiya protest camp on August 14 last year that killed hundreds of supporters of ousted President Mohamed Mursi who were camped out in Cairo.

Al Youm Al Saabi newspaper.Reuters

A supporter of the Muslim Brotherhood makes the Rabaa four-fingered gesture in front of a burning police vehicle in Cairo on Friday. The gesture has become a symbol of protest and refers to the clearing of the Rabaa al-Adawiya camp by security forces on August 14 last year that killed scores of supporters of ousted President Mohamed Morsi.

Supporters of ousted president Mohamed Morsi block a street during clashes with Egyptian security forces in Nasr City, Cairo on January 8, 2014. An Egyptian court adjourned the murder trial of deposed president  Morsi to February 1, citing "weather conditions" that prevented the Islamist's transport to court from prison.

Virginie Nguyen Hoang/AFP

Supporters of ousted President Mohamed Morsi block a street during clashes with Egyptian security forces in Nasr City, Cairo, on Wednesday. An Egyptian court adjourned the murder trial of Mr Morsi to February 1, citing “weather conditions” that prevented the Islamist’s transport to court from prison.

Egyptian students who support the Muslim Brotherhood (background) shoot fireworks at riot policemen (foreground) during clashes outside the University of Cairo campus in the capital

Mahmoud Khaled/AFP

Egyptian students who support the Muslim Brotherhood shoot fireworks at riot policemen during clashes outside the University of Cairo campus in the capital Cairo.

A supporter of the Muslim Brotherhood and ousted Egyptian President Mohamed Mursi shouts slogans in front of tear gas fired by riot police and army, during clashes at El-Talbyia near Giza square, south of Cairo, November 29, 2013. Mursi's supporters have staged frequent protests across Egypt, many of them after Friday prayers, since the army deposed him on July 3 in response to mass protests against his rule, and arrested most of the top leaders of his Muslim Brotherhood.

Amr Abdallah Dalsh/Reuters

A supporter of the Muslim Brotherhood and ousted Egyptian president Mohamed Morsi shouts slogans as riot police and soldiers fire tear gas during clashes at Talbiya, in Giza, Egypt

Female students of Al-Azhar University shout slogans against the military and interior ministry while gesturing with four fingers after last night's clashes as they block Moustafa Al Nahas street in front of Al-Azhar University Campus...Female students of Al-Azhar University, supporters of the Muslim Brotherhood and ousted Egyptian President Mohamed Mursi, shout slogans against the military and interior ministry while gesturing with four fingers after last night's clashes as they block Moustafa Al Nahas street in front of Al-Azhar University Campus at Cairo's Nasr City district, November 21, 2013. A student was shot dead in clashes late Wednesday between supporters of ousted Egyptian President Mohamed Mursi and security forces at Al-Azhar University in Cairo, state newspaper al-Ahram reported on Thursday. The "Rabaa" or "four" gesture is in reference to the police clearing of the Rabaa al-Adawiya protest camp on August 14.

Amr Abdallah Dalsh/Reuters

Female students of Al-Azhar University, supporters of the Muslim Brotherhood and ousted Egyptian president Mohamed Morsi, shout slogans against the military and interior ministry as they block Moustafa Al Nahas street in front of university campus at Cairo’s Nasr City district

A supporter of Egypt's ousted President Mohammed Morsi shouts to a police officer outside of a police academy compound were the trial of ousted President Mohammed Morsi is held in Cairo, Egypt, Monday, Nov. 4 2013. After four months in secret detention, Egypt's deposed Islamist president defiantly rejected a court's authority to try him Monday, saying he was the country's "legitimate" leader and those that overthrew him should face charges instead. The trial was then adjourned until Jan. 8 after several interruptions.

Manu Brabo/AP

A supporter of Egypt’s ousted president Mohamed Morsi on Monday shouts at police officers outside a police academy compound where the trial of the former president is being held in Cairo, Egypt. 

A supporter of Egypt's ousted President Mohammed Morsi wears a button showing Morsi and a slogan in Arabic that reads, "Morsi for Egyptian presidency 2012," during a protest in Cairo, Egypt, Friday, Nov. 1, 2013. Some 20,000 police officers and soldiers will guard the upcoming trial of Egypt's toppled president on Nov. 4, as Islamist opponents plan massive protests that may spark more turmoil in the country.

Amr Nabil/AP

A supporter of Egypt’s ousted president Mohammed Morsi wears a button with a slogan in Arabic that reads “Morsi for Egyptian presidency 2012″, during a protest in Cairo on Friday.

Supporters of Egypt's ousted President Mohammed Morsi hold posters showing victims of a military crackdown on their protest camp during a march in old Cairo, Egypt, Friday, Aug. 23, 2013. Arabic reads, "no for treachery", "no for military coup" and  "martyrs of republican guard massacre ." Egyptian security and military forces deployed Friday around Cairo, closing off traffic in some major thoroughfares and in the city center ahead of protests by supporters of ousted President Mohammed Morsi. The rallies are a test of whether Morsi's supporters can keep up their pressure despite an intensive security crackdown on the Muslim Brotherhood, from which he hails.

Amr Nabil/AP

Supporters of Egypt’s ousted President Mohammed Morsi hold posters showing victims of a military crackdown on their protest camp during a march in old Cairo, Egypt, on Friday. 

A member of the Muslim Brotherhood and supporter of ousted Egyptian President Mohamed Mursi places posters of Mursi on a lamp post during a protest in front of the courthouse and the Attorney General's office in Cairo.

Amr Abdallah Dalsh/Reuters

A member of the Muslim Brotherhood and supporter of ousted Egyptian president Mohamed Morsi places posters of Mr Morsi on a lamp post during a protest in front of a courthouse and the attorney-general’s office in Cairo.

A boy peers out of a traditional Tok Tok as it passes by supporters of Egypt's ousted President Mohammed Morsi marching in Cairo, Egypt, Friday, July 19, 2013. Thousands of protesters are holding rallies across Egypt to demand the reinstatement of ousted President Mohammed Morsi. The Muslim Brotherhood, from which Morsi hails, is mobilizing followers to march in Cairo and elsewhere Friday for a protest they re dubbing "Breaking the Coup.

Amr Nabil/AP

A boy peers out of a traditional tuk tuk as it passes supporters of Egypt’s ousted president Mohammed Morsi marching in Cairo. Thousands of protesters are holding rallies across Egypt to demand the reinstatement of Mr Morsi. The Muslim Brotherhood, from which Mr Morsi hails, is mobilising followers to march in Cairo and elsewhere on Friday for a protest they are dubbing ‘Breaking the Coup’.

Supporters of deposed Egyptian President Mohamed Mursi run from tear gas fired by riot police during clashes on the Sixth of October Bridge over the Ramsis square area in central Cairo...Supporters of deposed Egyptian President Mohamed Mursi run from tear gas fired by riot police during clashes on the Sixth of October Bridge over the Ramsis square area in central Cairo July 15, 2013. Police fired tear gas in central Cairo on Monday when protesters calling for the reinstatement of the ousted Islamist president, Mohamed Mursi, scuffled with drivers and passers-by annoyed that they had blocked major roads. REUTERS/Amr Abdallah Dalsh  (EGYPT - Tags: POLITICS CIVIL UNREST TPX IMAGES OF THE DAY)

Amr Abdallah Dalsh/Reuters

Supporters of Mohamed Morsi, the deposed president of Egypt, run from tear gas fired by riot police during clashes on the Sixth of October Bridge over the Ramsis square area in Cairo. Police moved in when protesters, calling for the reinstatement of Mr Morsi, scuffled with drivers and passers-by who became annoyed by the road being blocked 

Supporters of  ousted President Mohamed Mursi shout during a protest in Cairo July 12, 2013. Supporters of Mursi called for protests on Friday and Egyptians prayed there would be no repeat of clashes that have killed more than 90 people in the last week in the bitterly divided Arab nation.

Suhaib Salem/Reuters

Supporters of ousted President Mohamed Morsi shout during a protest in Cairo. Supporters of Mr Morsi called for protests on Friday, and Egyptians hoped there would be no repeat of clashes that have killed more than 90 people in the past week in the divided Arab nation.

Protesters who support former Egyptian President Mohamed Mursi carry an injured man during clashes outside the Republican Guard building in Cairo...ATTENTION EDITORS - VISUAL COVERAGE OF SCENES OF INJURY OR DEATH    Protesters who support former Egyptian President Mohamed Mursi carry an injured man during clashes outside the Republican Guard building in Cairo July 5, 2013. At least three demonstrators were shot dead outside the Republican Guard barracks in Cairo where deposed Islamist President Mohamed Mursi is being held, security sources said.

Louafi Larbi/Reuters

Supporters of the former Egyptian President Mohamed Mursi carry an injured man during clashes outside the Republican Guard barracks in Cairo, Egypt. At least three demonstrators were shot dead outside the building, where the deposed Mr Mursi is being held, security sources said.

Soldiers ask a supporter of overthrown President Mursi to take her protest to the sidewalk as they stand guard in Giza...Army soldiers ask a female supporter of overthrown President Mohamed Mursi and the Muslim Brotherhood to take her protest to the sidewalk as they stand guard around Cairo University and Nahdet Misr Square in Giza, on the outskirts of Cairo July 4, 2013. The leader of the Muslim Brotherhood was arrested by Egyptian security forces on Thursday in a crackdown against the Islamist movement after the army ousted the country's first democratically elected president Mursi. At least 16 people have been killed and hundreds wounded in street clashes across Egypt since Mursi's overthrow. REUTERS/ Asmaa Waguih (EGYPT - Tags: POLITICS CIVIL UNREST MILITARY)

Asmaa Waguih/Reuters

Army soldiers ask a female supporter of Egypt’s overthrown president Mohamed Morsi and the Muslim Brotherhood to take her protest to the pavement as they stand guard near Cairo University and Nahdet Misr Square in Giza, on the outskirts of Cairo on Thursday.