Referendum

LONDON, UNITED KINGDOM - JUNE 27: Chancellor George Osborne speaks at The Treasury, where he moved to try to calm market turmoil triggered by the pro-Brexit vote on June 27, 2016 in London, United Kingdom.  Mr Osborne spoke ahead of the start of financial trading and outlined how the Government will "protect the national interest" after the UK voted to leave the EU. (Photo by Richard Pohle - WPA Pool/Gettty Images)

Richard Pohle/Pool/Getty

Chancellor George Osborne speaks at The Treasury, where he moved to try to calm market turmoil triggered by the pro-Brexit vote in London, United Kingdom. Mr Osborne spoke ahead of the start of financial trading and outlined how the Government will “protect the national interest” after the UK voted to leave the EU

A "Vote Remain" banner being flown by an aircraft is seen behind the Big Ben clocktower in London, Britain June 22, 2016.  REUTERS/Toby Melville

Toby Melville/Reuters

A “Vote Remain” banner being flown by an aircraft is seen behind Big Ben in London 

British prime minister, David Cameron, talks to the FT from downing street ahead of the EU referendum on Thursday.

Charlie Bibby/FT

David Cameron, British prime minister, photographed during an interview with Lionel Barber, FT editor, and George Parker, FT political editor, at Downing Street on Tuesday ahead of the EU referendum

Boris Johnson MP chats with Basil Burgess (right) as he visits Sam Cole Foods fish processing factory in Lowestoft, Suffolk, where he was campaigning on behalf of the Vote Leave EU campaign. PRESS ASSOCIATION Photo. Picture date: Thursday June 16, 2016. See PA story POLITICS EU. Photo credit should read: Stefan Rousseau/PA Wire

Stefan Rousseau/PA

Boris Johnson MP chats with Basil Burgess as he visits Sam Cole Foods fish processing factory in Lowestoft, Suffolk, where he was campaigning on behalf of the Vote Leave EU campaign

A boat carrying supporters for the Remain in the EU campaign including Sir Bob Geldoff (C) shout and wave at Brexit fishing boats as they sail up the river Thames in central London on June 15, 2016. A Brexit flotilla of fishing boats sailed up the River Thames into London today with foghorns sounding, in a protest against EU fishing quotas by the campaign for Britain to leave the European Union. / AFP PHOTO / BEN STANSALLBEN STANSALL/AFP/Getty Images

Ben Stansall/AFP/Getty

A boat carrying supporters for the Remain in the EU campaign including Sir Bob Geldoff shout and wave at Brexit fishing boats as they sail up the river Thames in central London

LONDON, ENGLAND - JUNE 15:  Nigel Farage, leader of the UK Independence Party shows his support for the 'Leave' campaign for the upcoming EU Referendum aboard a boat on the River Thames on June 15, 2016 in London, England.  Nigel Farage, leader of UKIP, is campaigning for the United Kingdom to leave the European Union in a referendum being held on June 23, 2016.  (Photo by Jeff Spicer

Jeff Spicer/Getty

Nigel Farage, leader of the UK Independence Party shows his support for the ‘Leave’ campaign for the upcoming EU Referendum aboard a boat on the River Thames. Nigel Farage, leader of UKIP, is campaigning for the United Kingdom to leave the European Union in a referendum being held on June 23 

Vote Leave and Britain Stronger In Europe supporters in Ipswich, ahead of Boris Johnson's arrival during an EU referendum campaign tour visit to Suffolk. PRESS ASSOCIATION Photo. Picture date: Tuesday June 7, 2016. See PA story POLITICS EU. Photo credit should read: Stefan Rousseau/PA Wire

Stefan Rousseau/PA

Vote Leave and Britain Stronger In Europe supporters in Ipswich, ahead of Boris Johnson’s arrival during an EU referendum campaign tour visit to Suffolk

Outgoing Greek Finance Minister Yanis Varoufakis puts his helmet on as he is surrounded by media after his resignation in Athens, Monday, July 6, 2015. Greece and its membership in Europe's joint currency faced an uncertain future Monday, with the country under pressure to reach a bailout deal with creditors as soon as possible after Greeks resoundingly rejected the notion of more austerity in exchange for aid.

Petros Karadjias/AP

Outgoing Greek Finance Minister Yanis Varoufakis puts his helmet on as he is surrounded by media after his resignation in Athens on Monday

 People celebrate in Athens on July 5, 2015 after the first exit-polls of the Greek referendum. Over 60 percent of Greeks rejected further austerity dictated by the country's EU-IMF creditors in a referendum, results from 20 percent of polling stations showed

Louisa Gouliamaki/AFP

People celebrate in Athens early Monday after the Greeks rejected further austerity dictated by the country’s EU-IMF creditors in a referendum

TOPSHOTS Carrying banners calling for a "NO" vote in the forthcoming referendum on bailout conditions set by the country's creditors, protesters gather in front of the Greek parliament in Athens, on june 29, 2015.  Some 17,000 people took to the streets of Athens and Thessalonique to say 'No' to the latest offer of a bailout deal Monday, accusing Greece's international creditors of blackmail. AFP PHOTO / LOUISA GOULIAMAKILOUISA GOULIAMAKI/AFP/Getty Images

Louisa Goulia/AFP/Getty

Carrying banners calling for a “NO” vote in the forthcoming referendum on bailout conditions set by the country’s creditors, protesters gather in front of the Greek parliament in Athens, late on Monday. Some 17,000 people took to the streets of Athens and Thessalonique to say ‘No’ to the latest offer of a bailout deal Monday, accusing Greece‘s international creditors of blackmail

UKIP's leader, Nigel Farage, enjoys a pint of masterbrew in a pub in Westminster as UKIP launched their Euro referendum campaign.

Charlie Bibby/FT

UKIP’s leader Nigel Farage, in a pub in Westminster as UKIP launched their Euro referendum campaign 

A man walks past billboard posters promoting the Yes campaign in favour of same-sex marriage on Friday in Dublin, Ireland. Voters in the Republic of Ireland are taking part in a referendum on legalising same-sex marriage on Friday. The referendum is being held 22 years after Ireland decriminalised homosexuality with more than 3.2m people being asked whether they want to amend the country's constitution to allow gay and lesbian couples to marry. Polling stations opened at 07:00 BST with voting continuing until 22:00 BST and counting due to start on Saturday morning

Charles McQuillan/Getty Images

A man walks past billboard posters promoting the Yes campaign in favour of same-sex marriage on Friday in Dublin, Ireland

First Minister of Scotland Alex Salmond during a press conference at Dynamic Earth in Edinburgh after Scotland rejected independence in the Scottish independence referendum. PRESS ASSOCIATION Photo. Picture date: Thursday September 18, 2014. Scotland has rejected independence, despite the Yes campaign winning a majority in the largest city. While Glasgow voted in favour of independence, the margin of victory was not large enough to give Alex Salmond and his campaign the momentum they need.

Danny Lawson/PA

First Minister of Scotland Alex Salmond during a press conference at Dynamic Earth in Edinburgh after Scotland rejected independence in the Scottish independence referendum

Pro-union supporters celebrate as Scottish independence referendum results are returned at a 'Better Together' event in Glasgow, Scotland, on September 19, 2014. Scotland appeared set to reject independence on Friday with 23 out of 32 voting areas declared and the crucial Glasgow region having given its result.

Andy Buchanan/AFP

Pro-union supporters celebrate as Scottish independence referendum results are returned at a ‘Better Together’ event in Glasgow, Scotland, on Friday

A polling place at the Walpole hall, St Mary's Cathederal, Edinburgh Scotland as the nation votes in the referendum.

Charlie Bibby/FT

A polling station at the Walpole hall, St Mary’s Cathedral, Edinburgh Scotland as the nation votes in the referendum. 

Yes voter Duncan Thomson waits for the doors to open at St Martins Church hall polling station, as the people of Scotland take to the poles to decide whether Scotland should become an independent country, on September 18, 2014 in Renton, Scotland. After many months of campaigning, final opinion poles show the referendum result is still  too close to call.

Mark Runnacles/Getty Images

Yes voter Duncan Thomson waits for the doors to open at St Martins Church hall polling station in Renton, West Dunbartonshire, as the people of Scotland take to the polls to decide whether the country should become an independent nation

No campaigner Judy Shaw Stewart from Doune as she sits out at the A84 to protect vandalised NO Thanks signs  ahead of the Scottish Referendum on September 18th.  PRESS ASSOCIATION Photo. Picture date: Monday September 15, 2014.

Andrew Milligan/PA

No campaigner Judy Shaw Stewart from Doune as she sits out at the A84 to protect vandalised NO Thanks signs on Monday ahead of the Scottish Referendum on September 18th

A wall in Princes Street Gardens in Edinburgh, Scotland, as the Scottish independence referendum campaign continues.  Picture date: Tuesday September 2, 2014.

Danny Lawson/PA

A wall defaced with a pro independence slogan in Princes Street Gardens in Edinburgh, Scotland, as the Scottish independence referendum campaign continues

An armed pro-Russian militant stands at a checkpoint near Slavyansk, Ukraine. The secession referendum on 11 May, allowed the three million residents of the provinces of Luhansk and Donetsk vote on whether they want to remain part of Ukraine. Russian-speakers and supporters of Moscow have been rallying in the region since March, when a referendum on independence led to Russia's annexation of Crimea.

Roman Pilipey/EPA

An armed pro-Russian militant stands at a checkpoint near Slavyansk, eastern Ukraine

Crisis in Ukraine...epa04198165 People stand near the burning Mariupol police station, Ukraine, 09 May 2014. Two eastern Ukrainian provinces will go ahead with a referendum on seceding from the country as planned this weekend despite Russian President Vladimir Putin's call for a delay, separatist leaders told Russia's Interfax news agency on 08 May. 'The referendum on May 11 will take place,' said Miroslav Rudenko, a separatist leader of the self-proclaimed Donetsk People's Republic. The secession referendum will let the three million residents of the provinces of Luhansk and Donetsk vote on whether they want to stay part of Ukraine. Ukrainians opposed to a split see it as a precursor to an eventual merger with Russia, as happened with Crimea in March.  EPA/ALEXEY FURMAN

Alexey Furman/EPA

People stand near the burning Mariupol police station, Ukraine. Two eastern Ukrainian provinces will go ahead with a referendum on seceding from the country this weekend despite Russian president Vladimir Putin’s call for a delay, separatist leaders told Russia’s Interfax news agency on May 8