Referendum

First Minister of Scotland Alex Salmond during a press conference at Dynamic Earth in Edinburgh after Scotland rejected independence in the Scottish independence referendum. PRESS ASSOCIATION Photo. Picture date: Thursday September 18, 2014. Scotland has rejected independence, despite the Yes campaign winning a majority in the largest city. While Glasgow voted in favour of independence, the margin of victory was not large enough to give Alex Salmond and his campaign the momentum they need.

Danny Lawson/PA

First Minister of Scotland Alex Salmond during a press conference at Dynamic Earth in Edinburgh after Scotland rejected independence in the Scottish independence referendum

Pro-union supporters celebrate as Scottish independence referendum results are returned at a 'Better Together' event in Glasgow, Scotland, on September 19, 2014. Scotland appeared set to reject independence on Friday with 23 out of 32 voting areas declared and the crucial Glasgow region having given its result.

Andy Buchanan/AFP

Pro-union supporters celebrate as Scottish independence referendum results are returned at a ‘Better Together’ event in Glasgow, Scotland, on Friday

A polling place at the Walpole hall, St Mary's Cathederal, Edinburgh Scotland as the nation votes in the referendum.

Charlie Bibby/FT

A polling station at the Walpole hall, St Mary’s Cathedral, Edinburgh Scotland as the nation votes in the referendum. Read more

Yes voter Duncan Thomson waits for the doors to open at St Martins Church hall polling station, as the people of Scotland take to the poles to decide whether Scotland should become an independent country, on September 18, 2014 in Renton, Scotland. After many months of campaigning, final opinion poles show the referendum result is still  too close to call.

Mark Runnacles/Getty Images

Yes voter Duncan Thomson waits for the doors to open at St Martins Church hall polling station in Renton, West Dunbartonshire, as the people of Scotland take to the polls to decide whether the country should become an independent nation

No campaigner Judy Shaw Stewart from Doune as she sits out at the A84 to protect vandalised NO Thanks signs  ahead of the Scottish Referendum on September 18th.  PRESS ASSOCIATION Photo. Picture date: Monday September 15, 2014.

Andrew Milligan/PA

No campaigner Judy Shaw Stewart from Doune as she sits out at the A84 to protect vandalised NO Thanks signs on Monday ahead of the Scottish Referendum on September 18th

A wall in Princes Street Gardens in Edinburgh, Scotland, as the Scottish independence referendum campaign continues.  Picture date: Tuesday September 2, 2014.

Danny Lawson/PA

A wall defaced with a pro independence slogan in Princes Street Gardens in Edinburgh, Scotland, as the Scottish independence referendum campaign continues

An armed pro-Russian militant stands at a checkpoint near Slavyansk, Ukraine. The secession referendum on 11 May, allowed the three million residents of the provinces of Luhansk and Donetsk vote on whether they want to remain part of Ukraine. Russian-speakers and supporters of Moscow have been rallying in the region since March, when a referendum on independence led to Russia's annexation of Crimea.

Roman Pilipey/EPA

An armed pro-Russian militant stands at a checkpoint near Slavyansk, eastern UkraineRead more

Crisis in Ukraine...epa04198165 People stand near the burning Mariupol police station, Ukraine, 09 May 2014. Two eastern Ukrainian provinces will go ahead with a referendum on seceding from the country as planned this weekend despite Russian President Vladimir Putin's call for a delay, separatist leaders told Russia's Interfax news agency on 08 May. 'The referendum on May 11 will take place,' said Miroslav Rudenko, a separatist leader of the self-proclaimed Donetsk People's Republic. The secession referendum will let the three million residents of the provinces of Luhansk and Donetsk vote on whether they want to stay part of Ukraine. Ukrainians opposed to a split see it as a precursor to an eventual merger with Russia, as happened with Crimea in March.  EPA/ALEXEY FURMAN

Alexey Furman/EPA

People stand near the burning Mariupol police station, Ukraine. Two eastern Ukrainian provinces will go ahead with a referendum on seceding from the country this weekend despite Russian president Vladimir Putin’s call for a delay, separatist leaders told Russia’s Interfax news agency on May 8 Read more

Members of the Egyptian security forces stand guard outside a polling station near The Saladin Citadel (background) on Mokattam hill near the center of Cairo during the second day of voting on a new constitution on January 15, 2014. Egyptians resumed voting in the constitutional referendum, with turnout expected to hold the key to a likely presidential bid by army chief Abdel Fattah al-Sisi after clashes killed nine the previous day.

Mahmoud Khaled/AFP

Members of the Egyptian security forces stand guard outside a polling station near the Saladin Citadel on Mokattam hill near the centre of Cairo during the second day of voting on a new constitution on Wednesday.

An Egyptian ululates in front of a polling station after casting her vote in Cairo, Egypt, Tuesday, Jan. 14, 2014. Egyptians have started voting on a draft for their country's new constitution that represents a key milestone in a military-backed roadmap put in place after President Mohammed Morsi was overthrown in a popularly backed coup last July. (AP Photo/Amr Nabil)

Amr Nabil/AP

Voting starts on a draft for Egypt’s new constitution that represents a key milestone in a military-backed road map put in place after President Mohammed Morsi was overthrown in a popularly backed coup in July. Read more