Shia

Shiite volunteers from the Iraqi Ketaeb (brigade) Hezbollah, march as they join the Iraqi army to fight against Jihadist militants of the Islamic State (IS), formerly known as the Islamic State in Iraq and the Levant (ISIL), on July 9, 2014, in Baghdad.. Iraq's government once battled entrenched Shiite militiamen but is now making common cause with them against a jihadist-led onslaught that Baghdad's forces are struggling to contain on their own.

Ahmad Al-Rubaye/AFP

Shia volunteers from the Iraqi Ketaeb (brigade) Hezbollah, march as they join the Iraq army to fight against Jihadist militants of the Islamic State, formerly known as the Islamic State in Iraq and the Levant (Isis), on Wednesday, in Baghdad

Newly-recruited Iraqi volunteers, wearing police forces uniforms, take part in a training session on June 17, 2014 in the central Shiite Muslim city of Karbala. Faced with a militant offensive sweeping south toward Baghdad, Prime Minister Nuri al-Maliki announced on June 15, 2014 that the Iraqi government would arm and equip civilians who volunteer to fight, and thousands have signed up.

Mohammed Sawaf/AFP

Newly recruited Iraqi volunteers, wearing police force uniforms, take part in a training session on Tuesday in the central Shia Muslim city of Karbala

Shiite tribal fighters raise their weapons and chant slogans against the al-Qaida-inspired Islamic State of Iraq and the Levant (ISIL) in Basra, Iraq's second-largest city, 340 miles (550 kilometers) southeast of Baghdad, Iraq, Monday, June 16, 2014. Sunni militants captured a key northern Iraqi town along the highway to Syria early on Monday, compounding the woes of Iraq's Shiite-led government a week after it lost a vast swath of territory to the insurgents in the country's north.

Nabil Al-Jurani/AP

Shia tribal fighters raise their weapons and chant slogans against the al-Qaida-inspired Islamic State of Iraq and the Levant in Basra, Iraq’s second-largest city, 340 miles (550 kilometers) southeast of Baghdad, Iraq

Yemeni female followers of the Shiite Houthi movement hold a picture of late Shiite leader Ahmed Sharafeddin, during a protest demanding the dismissal of the government in Sana'a, Yemen, 23 January 2014. Reports state thousands of followers of the Shiite Houthi movement took to the streets to demand the dismissal of the government two days after unidentified gunmen killed Shiite leader Ahmed Sharafeddin, a representative of the Shiite Houthi movement in Yemen's national dialogue talks.

Yahya Arhab/EPA

Female followers of the Shia Houthi movement hold a picture of late Shia leader Ahmed Sharafeddin, during a protest demanding the dismissal of the government in Sana’a, Yemen.

An Iranian Muslim Shia man, acting as the prophet Jesus (C) and his apostles before the battle of Karbala, take part in the annual religious performance of "Taazieh" in the Iranian town of Noosh Abad near the central city of Kashan on November 12, 2013, marking the mourning period of Ashura which commemorates the killing of Prophet Mohammed's grandson Imam Hussein.

Behrouz Mehri/AFP

A Muslim Shia man, acting as the prophet Jesus, centre, and his apostles before the battle of Karbala, take part in the annual religious performance of “Taazieh” in the town of Noosh Abad near the central Iranian city of Kashan. The event marks the mourning period of Ashura which commemorates the killing of Imam Hussein, grandson of the prophet Mohammed.

An Iraqi youth makes a belt especially for the annual Shiite Muslim commemoration of Ashura with the saying embossed in Arabic that reads, "Labaik ya Hussein" or " In your service Hussein", referring to the grandson of the Prophet Mohammed, at a work shop in Baghdad on November 4, 2013.

Ahmad Al-Rubaye/AFP

An Iraqi youth in a Baghdad workshop makes a belt for the annual Shia Muslim commemoration of Ashura. The Arabic embossment reads ‘In your service, Hussein’, referring to the grandson of the Prophet Mohammed.

People run to help outside one of two mosques hit by explosions in Lebanon's northern city of Tripoli, August 23, 2013. At least 13 people were killed and more than 50 wounded in two explosions outside mosques in Lebanon's northern city of Tripoli on Friday, security sources and witnesses said.

Omar Ibrahim/Reuters

People run to help outside one of two mosques hit by explosions in Lebanon’s northern city of Tripoli. At least 13 people were killed and more than 50 wounded in two explosions outside mosques in Lebanon‘s northern city of Tripoli on Friday, security sources and witnesses said

A Bahraini anti-government protester gestures as she sits along a street during a march in the western village of Malkiya, Bahrain, Wednesday, Aug. 14, 2013. Opposition groups launched a fresh push against the Gulf monarchy on Wednesday, an effort to revitalize their two-and-a half-year-old pro-democracy uprising.

Hasan Jamali/AP

An anti-government protester , taking part in a march in the western village of Malkiya, Bahrain, makes a gesture of peace. Opposition groups launched a fresh push against the Gulf state monarchy on Wednesday in an effort to revitalise the two-and-a half-year-old pro-democracy uprising

Al-Quds day rally in Karachi...epa03811115 Pakistani Shiite Muslims hold toy guns during a rally to protest against Israel and US policy in the middle east, to mark the Al-Quds (Jerusalem day), in Karachi, Pakistan, 02 August 2013. Many Muslim countries mark Al-Quds day, an annual day of protest decreed in 1979 by the late Iranian ruler Ayatollah Khomeini, on the last Friday of the holy month of Ramadan. The day is celebrated in a move to express support for the Palestinian people and their resistance against Israeli occupation.  EPA/REHAN KHAN

Rehan Khan/EPA

Shia Muslims hold toy guns during an al-Quds Day rally in Karachi, Pakistan, on Friday. The annual event, marked across the Muslim world, is held to express support for the Palestinian people and their resistance against Israeli occupation Read more