Fur seals rest at Isla de Lobos, a small island located about 8 km off the coast of Punta del Este, 140 km east of Montevideo. A slaughterhouse operated on the island until 1991, and since then has become the main reserve in South America to fur seals (Arctocephalus australis) and sea lions (Otaria flavescens).
The Pastoruri glacier in Huaraz is one of the fastest receding glaciers in the Cordillera Blanca mountain range, according to a 2012 paper by the University of Texas and the Huascaran National Park. Peru is home to 71 per cent of the world’s tropical glaciers, which are a source of fresh water for millions, but 22 per cent of the surface area of Peruvian glaciers has disappeared in the past 30 years alone, according to the World Bank. Environmental issues are under the spotlight during a meeting of a working group of the Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change in Stockholm from September 23-27.
The leader of the Brazilian Indians speaks to Indians from various parts of Brazil as they occupy the Chamber of Deputies during a protest in Brasilia. They are protesting against a proposed constitutional amendment which gives power to Congress, rather than the Executive Branch, to decide on the demarcation of indigenous lands and reserves in Brazil.