space

Undated handout artist's impression issued by the European Southern Observatory showing the planet Proxima b orbiting the red dwarf star Proxima Centauri, the closest star to the Solar System. The rocky planet, that may harbour life, has been discovered in another solar system just four light years from Earth, close enough to be reached by future space missions. PRESS ASSOCIATION Photo. Issue date: Wednesday August 24, 2016. See PA story SCIENCE Planet. Photo credit should read: ESO/M. Kornmesser/PA Wire  NOTE TO EDITORS: This handout photo may only be used in for editorial reporting purposes for the contemporaneous illustration of events, things or the people in the image or facts mentioned in the caption. Reuse of the picture may require further permission from the copyright holder.

ESO/M. Kornmesser/PA

An artist’s impression issued by the European Southern Observatory showing the planet Proxima b orbiting the red dwarf star Proxima Centauri, the closest star to the Solar System. The rocky planet, that may harbour life, has been discovered in another solar system just four light years from Earth, close enough to be reached by future space missions. 

The Soyuz MS-01 spacecraft is rolled out by train to the launch pad at the Baikonur Cosmodrome, Kazakhstan, 04  July 2016. NASA astronaut Kate Rubins, cosmonaut Anatoly Ivanishin of the Russian space agency Roscosmos, and astronaut Takuya Onishi of the Japan Aerospace Exploration Agency (JAXA) will launch from the Baikonur Cosmodrome in Kazakhstan the morning of 07 July Kazakh time. All three will spend approximately four months on the orbital complex, returning to Earth in October.

Ben Ingalls/NASA

The Soyuz MS-01 spacecraft is rolled out by train to the launch pad at the Baikonur Cosmodrome, Kazakhstan. NASA astronaut Kate Rubins, cosmonaut Anatoly Ivanishin of the Russian space agency Roscosmos, and astronaut Takuya Onishi of the Japan Aerospace Exploration Agency (JAXA) will launch from the Baikonur Cosmodrome in Kazakhstan the morning of 07 July Kazakh time. All three will spend approximately four months on the orbital complex, returning to Earth in October.

(FILES) This handout photo realeased by the European Southern Observatory and taken on June 7, 2016 shows deep in the heart of the Abell 2597 Brightest Cluster Galaxy, a small cluster of giant gas clouds raining in on the central black hole.  First postulated more than 230 years ago, black holes have been extensively researched, frequently depicted, even featured in films. But here's the thing we're still not sure they even exist. On a quest for proof, scientists have trained a massive telescope in Chile on a point some 24,000 lightyears away, where a supermassive black hole is thought to lurk. / AFP PHOTO / European Southern Observatory / STRSTR/AFP/Getty Images

European Southern Observatory/STR/AFP/Getty

Abell 2597 Brightest Cluster Galaxy is seen, a small cluster of giant gas clouds raining in on the central black hole. First postulated more than 230 years ago, black holes have been extensively researched 

Embargoed to 1900 Friday May 27  European Space Agency handout image of Comet 67P/Churyumov-Gerasimenko, taken by the Rosetta orbiter in August 2015 when the object was at its closest point to the sun. Rosetta found evidence of basic building blocks of life in gases surrounding the comet. PRESS ASSOCIATION Photo. Issue date: Friday May 27, 2016. See PA story SCIENCE Rosetta. Photo credit should read: ESA/Rosetta/Navcam/PA Wire  NOTE TO EDITORS: This handout photo may only be used in for editorial reporting purposes for the contemporaneous illustration of events, things or the people in the image or facts mentioned in the caption. Reuse of the picture may require further permission from the copyright holder.

ESA/Rosetta/Navcam/PA

Comet 67P Churyumov Gerasimenko, taken by the Rosetta orbiter when the object was at its closest point to the sun. Rosetta found evidence of basic building blocks of life in gases surrounding the comet

An artists impression released by the the European Southern Observatory (ESO) on May 2, 2016 shows an imagined view from close to one of the three planets orbiting an ultracool dwarf star just 40 light-years from Earth that were discovered using the TRAPPIST ("TRAnsiting Planets and PlanetesImals Small Telescope") telescope at ESOs La Silla Observatory in Chile. These worlds have sizes and temperatures similar to those of Venus and Earth and are the best targets found so far for the search for life outside the Solar System. They are the first planets ever discovered around such a tiny and dim star. In this view one of the inner planets is seen in transit across the disc of its tiny and dim parent star.

European Southern Observatory/AFP/Getty

An artists impression released by the the European Southern Observatory shows an imagined view from close to one of the three planets orbiting an ultracool dwarf star just 40 light-years from Earth that were discovered using the TRAPPIST (“Transiting Planets and PlanetesImals Small Telescope”) telescope at ESOs La Silla Observatory in Chile 

British astronaut Tim Peake in action running the London marathon while strapped to a treadmill at the International Space Station on Sunday April 24, 2016. While the official 2016 London Marathon was being run in London, Peake ran 26.2 miles on a treadmill in three hours 35 minutes 21 seconds, while aboard the apace station in orbit 250km above the Earth.(EUROPEAN SPACE AGENCY (ESA) via AP) TV OUT

ESA/AP

British astronaut Tim Peake in action running the London marathon while strapped to a treadmill at the International Space Station. While the official 2016 London Marathon was being run in London, Peake ran 26.2 miles on a treadmill in three hours 35 minutes 21 seconds, while aboard the apace station in orbit 250km above the Earth 

Moon over Hungary...epa05256566 A photo made available 13 April 2016 of the surface of the Moon as it is observed through a telescope in Salgotarjan, 109 kilometers northeast of Budapest, Hungary, late 12 April 2016 night.  EPA/PETER KOMKA HUNGARY OUT

Peter Komka/EPA

The surface of the Moon as it is observed through a telescope in Salgotarjan, Budapest, Hungary, late on Tuesday 

Expedition 47 Flight Engineer Tim Peake ...Expedition 47 Flight Engineer Tim Peake of the European Space Agency took this striking photograph of the moon from his vantage point aboard the International Space Station on March 28, 2016. / AFP PHOTO / ESA/NASA / HandoutHANDOUT/AFP/Getty Images

Tim Peake/ESA/Nasa/AFP/Getty

This photograph of the moon taken by Expedition 47 Flight Engineer Tim Peake of the European Space Agency from aboard the International Space Station 

An Orbital ATK's Cygnus space craft atop a United Launch Alliance Atlas V rocket launchs from Cape Canaveral Air Force Station to go to the International Space Station as seen from Viera in Brevard County, Fla., Tuesday, March 22, 2016. (Tim Shortt/Florida Today via AP)  NO SALES; MANDATORY CREDIT

Tim Shortt/Florida Today/AP

An Orbital ATK’s Cygnus space craft atop a United Launch Alliance Atlas V rocket launches from Cape Canaveral Air Force Station to go to the International Space Station as seen from Viera in Brevard County, Florida 

An H-2A rocket carrying the ASTRO-H sate...An H-2A rocket carrying the ASTRO-H satellite, developed in collaboration between the Japan Aerospace Exploration Agency (JAXA), NASA and other groups, lifts off at the Tanegashima Space Center in Kagoshima Prefecture, southwestern Japan on February 17, 2016. Japan successfully launched a jointly developed space observation satellite on February 17 tasked with studying mysterious black holes, the country's space agency said.

Jiji Press/AFP

An H-2A rocket carrying the ASTRO-H satellite, developed in collaboration between the Japan Aerospace Exploration Agency (JAXA), NASA and other groups, lifts off at the Tanegashima Space Center in Kagoshima Prefecture, southwestern Japan

NASA successfully deploys two combined satellites from Texas universities...epa05140040 A handout image dated 29 January 2016 and made available by ESA/NASA on 02 February 2016, showing an image made by Expedition 46 flight engineer Tim Peake of ESA aboard the International Space Station, as the robotic arm in Japan's Kibo laboratory successfully deployed two combined satellites from Texas universities. The pair of satellites -- AggieSat4 built by Texas A&M University students, and BEVO-2 built by University of Texas students -- together form the Low Earth Orbiting Navigation Experiment for Spacecraft Testing Autonomous Rendezvous and Docking (LONESTAR) investigation.  EPA/TIM PEAKE / ESA / NASA /

Tim Peake/ESA/Nasa/EPA

Japan’s Kibo laboratory’s robotic arm successfully deploys two combined satellites built built by Texas A&M University students. Photo taken by Expedition 46 flight engineer Tim Peake of ESA aboard the International Space Station 

London seen from space

Tim Peake/ESA/NASA

Astronaut Tim Peake’s photo of London viewed from the space station

Expedition 46 On International Space Station...IN SPACE - JANUARY 20: (EDITORIAL USE ONLY) (NO SALES) In this handout image supplied by the European Space Agency (ESA), A photo of an aurora taken by ESA astronaut Tim Peake from on board the International Space Station, January 20, 2016. Expedition 46-47 crewmembers ESA astronaut Tim Peake, NASA astronaut Tim Kopra and Russian cosmonaut commander Yuri Malenchenko were welcomed aboard the International Space Station by Russian cosmonauts Mikhail Korniyenko and Oleg Kononenko, and NASA astronaut Scott Kelly for a six-month mission, as part of Expedition 46. (Photo by Tim Peake / ESA via Getty Images)

Tim Peake/ESA/Getty

An aurora photographed by ESA astronaut Tim Peake from on board the International Space Station

 This handout picture released by the the European Southern Observatory on January 14, 2016 shows an artist impression of W2246-0526, a single galaxy glowing in infrared light as intensely as 350 trillion suns.  It is so violently turbulent that it may eventually jettison its entire supply of star-forming gas, according to new observations with ALMA.

European Southern Observatory/AFP

An artist impression of W2246-0526, a single galaxy glowing in infrared light as intensely as 350 trillion suns. It is so violently turbulent that it may eventually jettison its entire supply of star-forming gas, according to new observations with ALMA.

A long exposure photograph shows the SpaceX Falcon 9 lifting off (L) from its launch pad and then returning to a landing zone (R) at the Cape Canaveral Air Force Station, on the launcher's first mission since a June failure, in Cape Canaveral, Florida, December 21, 2015. The rocket carried a payload of eleven satellites owned by Orbcomm, a New Jersey-based communications company. This long exposure photograph was made by covering the lens in between liftoff and landing. REUTERS/Mike Brown   TPX IMAGES OF THE DAY

Mike Brown/Reuters

A long exposure photograph shows the SpaceX Falcon 9 lifting off (L) from its launch pad and then returning to a landing zone (R) at the Cape Canaveral Air Force Station on the launcher’s first mission since a June failure, in Cape Canaveral, Florida today.

The Soyuz-FG rocket booster with Soyuz TMA-19M space ship carrying a new crew to the International Space Station, ISS, blasts off at the Russian leased Baikonur cosmodrome, Kazakhstan, Tuesday, Dec. 15, 2015. The Russian rocket carries British astronaut Tim Peake, Russian cosmonaut Yuri Malenchenko and U.S. astronaut Tim Kopra. (AP Photo/Dmitry Lovetsky)

Dmitry Lovetsky/AP

The Soyuz-FG rocket booster with Soyuz TMA-19M space ship carrying a new crew to the International Space Station, ISS, blasts off at the Russian leased Baikonur in Kazakhstan. The Russian rocket carries British astronaut Tim Peake, Russian cosmonaut Yuri Malenchenko and U.S. astronaut Tim Kopra 

British astronaut Tim Peake, member of the main crew of the expedition to the International Space Station (ISS), waves to his children from a bus prior the launch of Soyuz TMA-19M space ship at the Russian leased Baikonur cosmodrome, Kazakhstan...British astronaut Tim Peake, member of the main crew of the expedition to the International Space Station (ISS), waves to his children from a bus prior the launch of Soyuz TMA-19M space ship at the Russian leased Baikonur cosmodrome, Kazakhstan, Tuesday, Dec. 15, 2015.  REUTERS/Dmitry Lovetsky/PoolDmitry Lovetsky/Reuters

British astronaut Tim Peake, member of the main crew of the expedition to the International Space Station (ISS), waves to his children from a bus prior the launch of Soyuz TMA-19M space ship at the Russian leased Baikonur cosmodrome, Kazakhstan

A view of Earth seen from the International Space Station (ISS) taken by current ISS crew member, Russian cosmonaut Mikhail Korniyenko

Mikhail Korniyenko/Roscosmos/EPA

A view of Earth seen from the International Space Station (ISS) taken by current ISS crew member, Russian cosmonaut Mikhail Korniyenko

A lunar eclipse coincides with a so-called "supermoon" in Newcastle-under-Lyme, Staffordshire, England. Sky-watchers around the world are in for a treat Sunday night and Monday when the shadow of Earth casts a reddish glow on the moon, the result of rare combination of an eclipse with the closest full moon of the year

Carl Recine/Reuters

A lunar eclipse coincides with a so-called “supermoon” in Newcastle-under-Lyme, Staffordshire, England. Sky-watchers around the world are in for a treat Sunday night and Monday when the shadow of Earth casts a reddish glow on the moon, the result of rare combination of an eclipse with the closest full moon of the year

Startling images of Pluto from New Horizons...SOL SYSTEM Pluto -- 11 Sep 2015 -- This synthetic perspective view of Pluto, based on the latest high-resolution images to be downlinked from NASAís New Horizons spacecraft, shows what you would see if you were approximately 1,100 miles (1,800 kilometers) above Plutoís equatorial area, looking northeast over the dark, cratered, informally named Cthulhu Regio toward the bright, smooth, expanse of icy plains informally called Sputnik Planum. The entire expanse of terrain seen in this image is 1,100 miles (1,800 kilometers) across. The images were taken as New Horizons flew past Pluto on July 14, 2015, from a distance of 50,000 miles (80,000 kilometers) -- Picture by Atlas Photo Archive/JHUAPL/SwRI/NASA

Atlas Photo Archive/NASA

This synthetic perspective view of Pluto, based on the latest high-resolution images to be downlinked from NASA‘s New Horizons spacecraft.