war

A military vehicle of the Iraqi Special Operations Forces is seen during an operation to clear the al-Zirai district of Islamic State militants in Mosul

Muhammad Hamed/Reuters

A military vehicle of the Iraqi Special Operations Forces (ISOF) is seen during an operation to clear the al-Zirai district of Islamic State militants in Mosul, Iraq. Photo Muhammad Hamed/Reuters

Azad Hassan (L), whose hand was chopped off by Islamic State militants, cries as he stands beside his wounded father in a house at Nimrud village, south of Mosul, Iraq, December 13, 2016. Picture taken December 13, 2016. REUTERS/Mohammed Salem

Mohammed Salem/Reuters

Azad Hassan (L), whose hand was chopped off by Islamic State militants, cries as he stands beside his wounded father in a house at Nimrud village, south of Mosul, Iraq. Photo Mohammed Salem/Reuters 

A wounded by sits inside an ambulance as Syrian civilians and their families gather at the rebel-held al-Amiriyah neighbourhood as they wait to be evacuated to the government-controlled area of Ramoussa on the southern outskirts of the city on December 15, 2016.  Russia, Syrian military sources and rebel officials confirmed that a new agreement had been reached after a first evacuation plan collapsed the day before amid fresh fighting. Syrian state television reported that some 4,000 rebels and their families were to be evacuated.    / AFP PHOTO / KARAM AL-MASRIKARAM AL-MASRI/AFP/Getty Images

Karam Al-Masri/AFP/Getty

A wounded boy sits inside an ambulance as Syrian civilians and their families gather at the rebel-held al-Amiriyah neighbourhood as they wait to be evacuated to the government-controlled area of Ramoussa. Photo Karam Al-Masri/AFP/Getty 

 A reflection on waste liquid shows a woman wawing Turkish and Free Syrian flags as an aid convoy to Aleppo organized by IHH Humanitarian Relief Foundation is about to leave, on December 14, 2016 in Istanbul.   Turkey's aid campaign for the besieged people of Aleppo continued with several nongovernmental organizations sending food, water and clothing. / AFP PHOTO / OZAN KOSEOZAN KOSE/AFP/Getty Images

Ozan Kose/AFP/Getty

A reflection on waste liquid shows a woman waving Turkish and Free Syrian flags as an aid convoy to Aleppo is about to leave Istanbul for Syria. Photo Ozan Kose/AFP/Getty 

Syrian residents, fleeing violence in the restive Bustan al-Qasr neighbourhood, arrive in Aleppo's Fardos neighbourhood on December 13, 2016, after regime troops retook the area from rebel fighters.  Syrian rebels withdrew from six more neighbourhoods in their one-time bastion of east Aleppo in the face of advancing government troops, the Syrian Observatory for Human Rights said. / AFP PHOTO / STRINGERSTRINGER/AFP/Getty Images

AFP/Getty

Syrian residents, fleeing violence in the restive Bustan al-Qasr neighbourhood, arrive in Aleppo’s Fardos neighbourhood after regime troops retook the area from rebel fighters.
Photo AFP/Getty Images

A civil defence member attempts to get out of a site hit at night by an airstrike in Saraqeb, in rebel-held Idlib province, Syria December 11, 2016. Picture taken December 11, 2016. REUTERS/Ammar Abdullah     TPX IMAGES OF THE DAY

Ammar Abdullah/Reuters

A civil defence member attempts to get out of a site hit at night by an airstrike in Saraqeb, in rebel-held Idlib province, Syria. Photo Ammar Abdullah/Reuters 

A picture of Syria's President Bashar al-Assad is seen in Ramouseh, a government controlled area of Aleppo, Syria December 8, 2016. REUTERS/Omar Sanadiki

Omar Sanadiki/Reuters

A picture of Syria’s President Bashar al-Assad is seen in Ramouseh, a government controlled area of Aleppo, Syria. Omar Sanadiki/Reuters 

Iraqi soldiers distribute water to children outside a distribution point run by United Nations agencies at Zahra district, east of Mosul, Iraq December 8, 2016. REUTERS/Ahmed Jadallah.

Ahmed Jadallah/Reuters

Iraqi soldiers distribute water to children outside a distribution point run by United Nations agencies at Zahra district, east of Mosul, Iraq. Photo Ahmed Jadallah/Reuters 

A member of the Syrian government forces inspects a post used by the rebels in the newly captured Al-Safa neighbourhood of Aleppo on December 7, 2016. Rebels in Aleppo called for a five-day truce and the evacuation of civilians Wednesday after losing more than three quarters of their territory including the Old City to a Syrian army offensive.

George Ourfalian/AFP/Getty

A member of the Syrian government forces inspects a post used by the rebels in the newly captured Al-Safa neighbourhood of Aleppo. Photo George Ourfalian/AFP/Getty 

A child walks in front of Iraqi army during an operation against Islamic State militants in the neighbourhood of Intisar, eastern Mosul, Iraq, December 6, 2016. REUTERS/Ahmed Jadallah

Ahmed Jadallah/Reuters

A child walks in front of Iraqi army during an operation against Islamic State militants in the neighbourhood of Intisar, eastern Mosul, Iraq. Photo Ahmed Jadallah/Reuters 

Iraqi soldiers are seen in a tractor from a Humvee while coming back from the frontline in the Al-Intisar district in Mosul, Iraq, Monday, Dec. 5, 2016. Mosul, Iraq's second-largest city, is the last major Islamic State extremist urban bastion in the country. Iraqi troops have advanced cautiously to avoid civilian casualties. (AP Photo/Manu Brabo)

Manu Brabo/AP

Iraqi soldiers are seen in a tractor from a Humvee while coming back from the frontline in the Al-Intisar district in Mosul, Iraq. Mosul. Photo Manu Brabo/AP 

Kefa Jawish (L) and her husband Tajeddin Ahmed look a destroyed building in the Aleppo's northeastern Haydariya neighbourhood as they head to check their house for the first time in four years on December 4, 2016.    Jawish was among hundreds of Syrians returning to east Aleppo in recent days after the army recaptured large swathes of the city from rebels and encouraged residents to visit neighbourhoods and homes they left years earlier.   / AFP PHOTO / Youssef KARWASHAN / TO GO WITH AFP STORY BY RIM HADDADYOUSSEF KARWASHAN/AFP/Getty Images

Youssef Karwashan/AFP/Getty

Kefa Jawish and her husband Tajeddin Ahmed look a destroyed building in the Aleppo’s northeastern Haydariya neighbourhood as they head to check their house for the first time in four years. Jawish was among hundreds of Syrians returning to east Aleppo in recent days after the army recaptured large swathes of the city from rebels and encouraged residents to visit neighbourhoods and homes they left years earlier. Photo Youssef Karwashan/AFP/Getty 

Mideast Iraq Mosul

AP Photo/Hussein Malla

Iraqi army soldiers carry their comrade who was wounded during the battle against the Islamic State group, in Haj Ali front line village, southern Mosul, Iraq.
Picture AP Photo/Hussein Malla

U.S. soldiers eat their meals to celebrate Thanksgiving Day inside the U.S. army base in Qayyara, south of Mosul, Iraq November 24, 2016.

Thaier Al-Sudani/Reuters

U.S. soldiers eat their meals to celebrate Thanksgiving Day inside the U.S. army base in Qayyara, south of Mosul, Iraq. Photo Thaier Al-Sudani/Reuters

Members of the Syrian Civil Defence, known as the White Helmets, evacuate a child during a training session in the rebel-held eastern Ghouta area, east of the capital Damascus, on November 22, 2016.   / AFP PHOTO / AMER ALMOHIBANYAMER ALMOHIBANY/AFP/Getty Images

Amer Almohibany/AFP/Getty

Members of the Syrian Civil Defence, known as the White Helmets, evacuate a child during a training session in the rebel-held eastern Ghouta area, east of the capital Damascus 

 (EDITORS NOTE: Image shot in black and white using a panoramic app on an iPhone 6.) A machine used to dig ISIL tunnels is seen at the Iraqi Army Armoured Ninth Division base on November 13, 2016 in Qaraqosh, Iraq. ISIL took control of Mosul, Iraq's second largest city in June of 2014. For the past two years they have occupied the city. On the 17th of October 2016. Iraqi forces began the Mosul offensive to take back the city. The offensive was a joint effort by Iraqi Government forces, the Peshmerga, local tribal militias and air support from the US and UK military. Despite early progress the offensive has slowed in the past week as Iraqi forces encountered heavy resistance from ISIL fighters entrenched inside the city. The use of an extensive tunnel system under the city built by ISIL over the past two years, booby traps, snipers and roads riddled with IED's has slowed the advance of troops on the ground. As the offensive enters its fourth week, fears of a humanitarian crisis grow as up to 1 million civilians are believed to be trapped inside the city.  (Photo by Chris McGrath/Getty Images)

Chris McGrath/Getty

A machine used to dig tunnels for Islamic State is seen at the Iraqi Army Armoured Ninth Division base in Qaraqosh, Iraq. This photo was taken using a panoramic app on an iPhone 6. Chris McGrath/Getty

Syrian children ride a bicycle in the rebel-held town of Douma on the eastern outskirts of the capital Damascus on November 13, 2016. Douma, the largest town in the Eastern Ghouta area with more than 100,000 residents, is surrounded and regularly shelled by regime forces. / AFP PHOTO / Abd DoumanyABD DOUMANY/AFP/Getty Images

Abd Doumany/AFP/Getty

Syrian children ride a bicycle in the rebel-held town of Douma on the eastern outskirts of the capital Damascus. Douma, the largest town in the Eastern Ghouta area with more than 100,000 residents, is surrounded and regularly shelled by regime forces. Photo Abd Doumany/AFP/Getty 

Victoria Cross holders Bill Speakman, (2nd R) and Johnson Beharry (R) parade during the annual Remembrance Sunday Service at the Cenotaph on Whitehall on November 13, 2016 in London, England. The Queen, senior politicians, including the British Prime Minister and representatives from the armed forces pay tribute to those who have suffered or died at war. (Photo by Jack Taylor/Getty Images)

Jack Taylor/Getty

Victoria Cross holders Bill Speakman, (2nd R) and Johnson Beharry (R) parade during the annual Remembrance Sunday Service at the Cenotaph on Whitehall in London, England. The Queen, senior politicians, including the British Prime Minister and representatives from the armed forces pay tribute to those who have suffered or died at war. Photo Jack Taylor/Getty 

A fighter from the NPU (Nineveh Plain Protection Units) waks through a destroyed church on November 8, 2016 in Qaraqosh, Iraq. The NPU is a military organization made up of Assyrian Christians and was formed in late 2014 to defend against ISIL. Qaraqosh, a largely Assyrian City just 32km southeast of Mosul was taken by ISIL in August, 2014 forcing all residents to flee, the town was largely destroyed with all of the churches burned or heavily damaged. The town stayed under ISIL control last week when it was liberated during the Mosul Offensive.  (Photo by Chris McGrath/Getty Images) ***BESTPIX***

Chris McGrath/Getty

A fighter from the NPU (Nineveh Plain Protection Units) walks through a destroyed church in Qaraqosh, Iraq. The NPU is a military organisation made up of Assyrian Christians and was formed in late 2014 to defend against Islamic State. Photo Chris McGrath/Getty 

A Peshmerga fighter runs to take position as the Iraqi Kurdish forces pushed deeper into the town of Bashiqa during street battles against Islamic State (IS) group jihadists on November 8, 2016.  Capturing Bashiqa would be one of the final steps in securing the eastern approaches to Mosul, three weeks into an offensive by Iraqi forces to retake the country's second city. The town was under the "complete control" of Kurdish peshmerga forces, Jabbar Yawar, the secretary general of the Kurdish regional ministry responsible for the fighters, told AFP. / AFP PHOTO / Odd ANDERSENODD ANDERSEN/AFP/Getty Images

Odd Andersen/AFP/Getty

A Peshmerga fighter runs to take position as the Iraqi Kurdish forces pushed deeper into the town of Bashiqa during street battles against Islamic State group jihadists. Photo Odd Andersen/AFP/Getty