During the past decade the US sat on the sidelines while many nations around the world competed aggressively to win larger shares of manufacturing output and employment. The next decade is likely to be different. In several recent speeches and policy proposals, President Barack Obama has laid out a compelling case for why manufacturing matters for the health of the American economy and has signalled that the US will be a more active player in the intense global competition for manufacturing.
His 2012 budget proposal calls for $1tn in discretionary spending cuts over the next decade, reducing the share of discretionary spending to five per cent of gross domestic product by 2022. Despite its overall austerity, the proposal contains measures to boost manufacturing. Many of these – including policies to increase high-school graduation rates; workforce training programs at community colleges; more funding for basic research, infrastructure investment, and scientific, engineering and technical education; and immigration reform – would benefit other sectors as well.