Both the UK and Japan would like to see sustained economic recoveries but, until recently, the recoveries they craved were fundamentally different in nature. The UK ideally wanted an export-led recovery supported by plenty of productive investment. The financial crisis provided the perfect opportunity to wean the UK off the housing-led, debt-financed consumer booms of old. Japan, meanwhile, hoped to see a shift towards a consumer-led recovery, helped along by an end to the deflationary curse which had persuaded the Japanese to hoard cash and repay debt.
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