Tuesday archive: Poor comparison

From 26th May, 2006:

If you’re lucky enough to visit the spectacular Kunsthistorisches Museum in Vienna, your eye may be caught by one of Pieter Bruegel’s best known works, the “Peasant Wedding”, which depicts a feast table of peasants absorbed in eating and drinking while a vast stretcher of pies is carried past.

It seems that the lives of our 16th-century forebears were not always cripplingly harsh. Economists, being economists, wish to know just how poor or prosperous life used to be. We have historical information about how much money people earned, but that is no use unless we know how much things used to cost. So economists calculate the inflation rate, which is an attempt to adjust for the effect of increasing prices.

But which increasing prices? Flipping through the Montgomery Ward & Co mail-order catalogue, which began publication in 1893, the economic historian Bradford DeLong calculates that a simple bicycle cost 260 hours’ wages for the typical worker in 1895, and just 7.2 hours’ wages in 2000. But silver spoons cost more hours of labour today than in 1895. Your personal inflation rate depends on whether you are spending your money on bicycles or spoons.

Continued at timharford.com.

Tim Harford’s blog

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Tim, also known as the Undercover Economist, writes about the economics of everyday life.