## How much does each benefit cost?

UPDATE: I have now added in housing benefit – apologies for the omission, and thanks to Paul Treloar for pointing it out.

The brains over at the Treasury are currently trying to work out if there is a way to cut billions of pounds of public spending by freezing benefits in a way that would also be palatable to most voters. As we reported last week, it looks like pensions will be exempted from any freeze to avoid accusations of punishing older people. But what else is up for grabs, and how much could be saved?

Here is a table of each of the most significant benefits paid out by DWP and how much each one costs. I’ve done one column for how much was spent last year, one for how much is forecast to be spent next year, factoring in various policy changes, and one for how much they would cost next year if there were no spending cuts and they were allowed to rise with 5.2 per cent inflation.

Below are two tables: one bar chart showing how much each costs, and the other a pie chart showing what proportion of spending they took up last year. The most immediate observation is just how much of total spending is taken up by the state pension. I’ll leave you to formulate other conclusions.

 Type of benefit 2010/11 2011/12 forecast 2010/11 plus 5.2% inflation Attendance allowance 5,227,700,000 5,468,080,432 5,499,540,400 Bereavement benefit 613,500,000 584,000,000 684,115,600 Carer’s allowance 1,572,000,000 1,726,961,236 1,653,744,000 Disability living allowance 11,915,200,000 12,614,664,059 12,534,790,400 Housing benefit 21,400,000,000 22,500,000,000 22,512,800,000 Incapacity benefit 6,443,500,000 4,290,898,498 6,778,562,000 Income support 7,849,000,000 6,205,413,268 8,257,148,000 Jobseeker’s allowance 4,474,000,000 4,830,820,949 4,706,648,000 Pension credit 8,242,200,000 8,185,142,529 8,670,794,400 State pension 69,777,000,000 74,361,568,616 73,405,404,000 Winter fuel allowance 2,743,100,000 2,135,837,972 2,885,741,200 Employment support allowance 2,231,700,000 4,007,254,225 2,347,748,400 TOTAL 142,488,900,000 146,910,641,784 127,385,522,800