Closed Boris Johnson becomes new UK prime minister – as it happened

Britain's new Prime Minister, Boris Johnson, enters Downing Street, in London

A live blog from

Boris Johnson to enter Downing Street

Welcome to the FT’s live blog on a big day for the UK as Boris Johnson becomes prime minister, replacing Theresa May who will formally resign to the Queen this afternoon. Mr Johnson will then be appointed prime minister and enter Downing Street to choose his cabinet.

Cummings to key Johnson role

The early appointments to the Johnson regime are already being leaked, with one of the most striking so far Dominic Cummings, the former chief of Vote Leave, set to be chosen as a senior adviser to Boris Johnson. Former Sky finance chief Andrew Griffith has been lined up as Mr Johnson’s business adviser.

Who will be in Johnson’s cabinet?

Names in the frame to get the keys to No 11 Downing Street as Mr Johnson’s chancellor include Sajid Javid (pictured) and Liz Truss.

Mr Javid, the home secretary and a state-school educated former investment banker was knocked out of the Conservative leadership race last month. He then switched to supporting Mr Johnson’s campaign and began talking about the need for an “emergency Budget” to lessen the impact of a no-deal Brexit, leading to growing speculation that he would be handed the keys to No 11 Downing Street.

A backer of Mr Johnson’s campaign, Ms Truss has presented herself in recent months as pro-business and pro-wealth. She said in a keynote speech at the Financial Times’ Brexit and Beyond conference in May that Britain was infected by an “insidious” anti-wealth sentiment.

In her current role as chief Treasury secretary, Ms Truss has been responsible for leading a review into whether austerity policies should end. She admitted last month that the public spending study would now have to be delayed because of the Conservative leadership election.

A comeback for Patel?

Priti Patel resigned as international development secretary in November 2017 after it emerged she had held undisclosed meetings with a lobbyist and Israeli politicians.

Perhaps sensing the opportunity for a cabinet comeback, Ms Patel was a staunch supporter of Mr Johnson’s leadership campaign, having said in a tweet last week that he would be “a Prime Minister who believes in Britain.”

Other runners and riders

Youth and ethnic diversity have emerged as themes of Mr Johnson’s likely picks.

Rishi Sunak (pictured), the 39-year-old Stanford-educated son-in-law of top Indian industrialist Narayana Murthy, is expected to be promoted from his current role as housing under-secretary.

MP for Reading West, Alok Sharma has become used to reshuffles, having been moved from housing minister to the department for work and pensions under Theresa May in 2018. He is the third likely appointee with an Asian background, reflecting a pledge by Mr Johnson to make his cabinet diverse and for it to better represent modern Britain.

Robert Jenrick, who is 37 but has already worked as a solicitor in London and Moscow and been international managing director of art dealer Christie’s, is tipped for a cabinet post.

Remainer and David Cameron’s former chief of staff Oliver Dowden, aged 40, could join his two young colleagues, with whom he wrote letter to the Times last month arguing Mr Johnson was the only candidate who could save what they viewed as the imperiled Conservative party.

Another tipped for a cabinet role is Tracey Crouch, who resigned as sports minister last autumn after the Treasury delayed plans to cut the maximum bets gamblers could stake on fixed odds betting terminals, known as the “crack cocaine” of gaming machines for how rapidly they can become addictive.

Resignation watch – Mick Davis

A key feature of today will be who resigns from cabinet and key party roles ahead of the appointment of the new Johnson government.

First up: Tory party chief executive Mick Davis has been reported to have tendered his resignation this morning. Chancellor Philip Hammond, justice secretary David Gauke and international development secretary Rory Stewart have already said they intend to resign today.

Sterling up… a bit

The pound has risen slightly this morning against both the dollar and the euro. But still below where it was a week ago.

May to take final MP questions

Theresa May has entered the House of Commons to make her final address to parliament when she stands to take Prime Minister’s Questions.

Hammond heads out of No 11 for good

Philip Hammond has just left No 11 Downing St, residence of the chancellor, presumably for the last time. Mr Hammond has already promised to resign rather than serve in a Johnson government, although he would have been sacked immediately anyway.

Mr Hammond is expected to join the growing band of anti-no-deal Tory rebels on the backbenches, along with fellow cabinet escapees – David Gauke and Rory Stewart.

May’s PMQs swansong starts sweetly

As expected, the outgoing prime minister is taking “questions” that are really congratulatory statements from the Conservative back benches.

Right now she is recalling how she has helped to prevent smoking, following a statement of thanks from Conservative MP Bob Blackman.

Corbyn: work together to oppose successor

The leader of the opposition, Jeremy Corbyn, starts by applauding Mrs May’s public service on her final day in office. Then, in an early poke at Boris Johnson, says that he now looked forward to working with her and the outgoing chancellor to “oppose the reckless plans of her successor”.

Corbyn: what public service record?

The leader of the opposition says that under Mrs May, police numbers are down, GP numbers are down and rough sleeping has not been solved.

Mrs May says the number of homeless people living on the streets has fallen (quite possibly relying on the official one-night count of rough sleepers that many homelessness charities says greatly understates the problem).

Mr Corbyn says it is wrong that anyone should end up sleeping outside in the fifth richest country in the world.

Corbyn: Johnson has no mandate at all

The Labour leader asks Mrs May whether she has confidence that Mr Johnson will succeed where she has not in delivering a Brexit deal that could get through parliament.

Mrs May responds by attacking Mr Corbyn for playing party politics instead of helping her get hear deal through.

The Labour leader turns back to Mr Johnson, who he says “thought the European Union made rules about kippers”, which were actually drawn up in the UK.

“At the start of 2018…the prime minister herself set up a new unit to counter fake news,” Mr Corbyn continues.

“Maybe…she can have a word with her successor on her way out,” he says, in a punchline that loses any potential zing because Mrs May interrupts his joke halfway through.

Mr Corbyn then calls for a general election.

May: time for Corbyn to go

The outgoing prime minister gives a parting shot at Jeremy Corbyn, saying that it was “the last time we will have this exchange across these despatch boxes…” but
as a party leader who has accepted when her time is up perhaps it is time for him to do the same.

Robust last PMQs

The exchanges between Theresa May and Jeremy Corbyn have been far more robust and entertaining than has been typical between two often underwhelming parliamentary performers, writes the FT’s Robert Wright.

Challenged by the Labour party leader to say she was confident Mr Johnson would be able to secure a deal when she had not, Mrs May responded by attacking Mr Corbyn over his role in the government’s failure to push its Brexit deal through parliament. “I voted for the deal,” Mrs May said, sounding genuinely angry.

“What did the right honourable gentleman do? He voted against a deal. He voted to make no-deal more likely and, when there was a prospect of reaching consensus across this house, the right honourable gentleman walked away from the talks. At every stage, his only interest has been playing party politics and, frankly, he should be ashamed of himself.”

Mrs May rejected calls from Mr Corbyn for a general election and then, after some kind words about their relationship, Mrs May ended her last answer to Mr Corbyn with a thrust at his unpopularity with his own MPs.

May to head to the backbench

Mrs May says she has “made it very clear” what she will be doing with her time after she’s no longer prime minister, writes the FT’s Robert Wright.

“I will be continuing in this house as the member of parliament for Maidenhead.”

Invited to criticise Boris Johnson’s role in her government, Mrs May plays defensively.

“My successor will continue to deliver the Conservative policies that have improved the lives of people up and down this country since we were elected in a coalition government in 2010. There is a long list of improvements that have taken place since 2010 and I look forward from the backbenches to giving full support to my successor.”

Leaning on her deputy?

Here is a screen grab from PMQs by our eagle-eyed picture editor Helen Healy.

It shows Theresa May sitting closely with her de facto deputy prime minister, the Cabinet Office minister David Lidington.

She could, however, be leaning back to put her ear to the mini-speaker that’s built in behind her.

Mr Lidington was mooted to take over as interim prime minister if Mrs May had been ousted before her successor was appointed.

Remainer Mr Lidington looks less than ecstatic about his boss leaving, although Mrs May seems relieved to be heading to the back benches for a well-earned rest.

Mrs May also takes the opportunity to recognise the support of Philip May, who is in the Peers’ gallery above her in the chamber. “I’m very pleased to be able to see my husband in the gallery today.”

Brief cricket interlude…

Bloomberg’s Thomas Penny points out on Twitter that Mrs May should hurry up if she wants to emulate John Major and get to the cricket.

In his final speech in 1997, the former Conservative prime minister joked that he needed to see the Queen and then get to the Oval in time for lunch.

England are currently 43-7 in the first session of their first test against Ireland.

May’s record on modern slavery
A question from Caroline Spelman gives Mrs May the opportunity to mention her commitment to eradicating modern slavery – something that has been a signature issue for her since her time in the Home Office, Robert Wright writes.

“She is right it is an absolute scourge and we must continue to fight it,” Mrs May tells Dame Caroline. “We must continue to raise awareness of it because there are too many people in this country… who find themselves trafficked into effective slavery.”

Female leadership

Mrs May comments that only one political party out of the nine represented in Westminster has never had a female leader, and that is the Labour party.

Rees-Mogg thanks May

Arch Brexiter Jacob Rees-Mogg, who attempted to oust the prime minister last year, thanks Mrs May for her “remarkable public service”, saying she has shown highest of virtues in her sense of duty.

Mrs May responds to say she looks forward to working with him in future, adding the Commons is meant to be about debate and discussion.

May ends her last PMQs

The prime minister leaves the despatch box to hearty applause and a standing ovation from her side of the House.

Many on the Labour benches remain seated, with some clapping their hands slowly.

Mrs May’s final question came from Harriet Harman, writes the FT’s Robert Wright. She ended her answer by praising the link between constituencies and MPs, saying they were the “bedrock” of the UK’s liberties. In a closing line that drew unusual applause from MPs, Mrs May said: “That duty to serve my constituents will remain my greatest motivation.”

Timetable for the rest of the day

Theresa May is expected to travel to Buckingham Palace at 2.30pm to hand her resignation to the Queen, who will then invite Boris Johnson to the palace and ask him to form the next government.

Mr Johnson is set to deliver a speech at Downing Street at about 4pm, before heading to his new home for the first time as prime minister, and then announcing his main cabinet picks.

Sterling climbs in early afternoon trading

The pound bounced up to a four-session high during the exchanges in Westminster, writes the FT’s Michael Hunter, rising by as much as 0.7 per cent for the day and crossing back above the $1.25 line to $1.2522.

Sterling was also on course for its biggest rally against the euro since May, strengthening by 0.6 per cent with £0.8915 required for a unit of the shared currency.

The euro has looked exposed after more weak economic data from Germany ahead of a monetary policy meeting on Thursday, at which the European Central Bank is expected to open the way for more stimulus.

Analysis from UBS remained fairly bullish on the pound. Mark Haefele, chief investment officer of UBS’s global wealth management business, argues that the market is “overstating” the risk of a no-deal Brexit, adding: “Our view is that the most likely path in the short term is for a further extension to the UK’s 31 October exit day, either due to a change in stance from PM Johnson, or in the case of a general election.”

YouGov: Lib Dems gain ground

The Liberal Democrats, who fell out of favour with their faithful voters when they formed a coalition with the Conservatives in 2010, are currently in the running to be the UK’s main opposition party, according to a YouGov poll.

The centrist party, which has pushed a Remain agenda while Jeremy Corbyn’s Labour has appeared to fail to make up its mind about Brexit, would get 23 per cent of the vote if a general election were held tomorrow, YouGov found from a survey of 1,715 people.

That means the Lib Dem’s popularity has increased by 3 percentage points since last week, where it got 20 per cent of the hypothetical vote in a YouGov survey and was in third place after the Conservatives and Labour.

The difference may be Jo Swinson, the 39-year-old new Lib Dem leader who was elected two days ago and said she will do “whatever it takes” to stop Brexit.

Applause for May

Theresa May is set to make a statement outside Number 10 after lunch with her husband in the Downing Street garden.

A round of applause was heard from a courtyard below the Financial Times’ Westminster office as staff lined up to thank Mrs May as she left the palace for the last time as prime minister, reports Robert Wright.

Resignation watch: Hammond out

No great surprise, but Philip Hammond has officially resigned as chancellor. In his letter he says he has left the new government with “choices” as to whether it should increase public spending, cut taxes, increase investment or speed up debt reduction.

“After a decade when the aftermath of the 2008-09 recession meant we had no choices, this is a luxury which our successors should use wisely.”

David Gauke and Rory Stewart are expected to follow suit imminently.

Cameron to Johnson: I wish you well

David Cameron, a man who can now add “being prime minister” to the list of things he has in common with Boris Johnson, has sent a message of support to his former schoolmate.

Stewart follows Hammond through the exit

Rory Stewart, the walking enthusiast and one-time leadership hopeful, appears to have confirmed his resignation with an upside smile emoji. He was the secretary of state for international development, a position in cabinet he held for under two months.

May to make last public address

The lectern is out in front of Number 10 Downing Street for Mrs May’s last public appearance as prime minister before she travels to Buckingham Palace to hand in her resignation to the Queen.

Resignation watch: David Lidington

Cabinet minister David Lidington has become the latest member of Theresa May’s
government to resign from the front bench. The pro-Remain Tory minister – and Europe minister from 2010 to 2016 – had once been mooted to replace Mrs May as an interim prime minister if she had been ousted during the Brexit votes.

May: will continue to serve in national interest

Theresa May used her last speech to say that she would travel to the Queen to advise her to appoint Boris Johnson as prime minister, wishing him good fortune in the months and years ahead.

She thanked her colleagues, public workers, the British people and her husband, adding she would continue to work in the national interest, and that the UK was a “great country with a great future”.

Resignation watch: David Gauke

The justice secretary and lord chancellor David Gauke resigned ahead of Mrs May’s speech, saying that he was “very grateful…for giving me the opportunity to serve in her Cabinet”.

In his letter to Mrs May, he said that he was not willing to serve in the Johnson government given “Boris’s stated policy of leaving the EU by 31 October at all costs”.

“I believe I can most effectively make the case against a no-deal Brexit from the backbenches.”

Video: What to expect from the UK’s new leader

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Queen accepts May’s resignation

Mrs May has now officially resigned.

Here she is with her husband Philip, being greeted by Rt Hon Edward Young, private secretary to the Queen, and Major Nana Twumasi-Ankrah, Household Cavalry Regiment, as she arrived for her audience with the Queen to formally resign her role.

Greenpeace vs Boris

There was a security lapse as Mr Johnson’s motorcade took him to Buckingham Palace, reports Robert Wright. Protesters from Greenpeace, the environment group, briefly formed a human chain across the Mall, blocking his path to the palace, before being bundled aside by police.

EmoticonJohnson becomes new UK prime minister

Boris Johnson has been formally appointed as the new British prime minister after a brief meeting with the Queen inside Buckingham Palace. He will now travel to his new home at 10 Downing Street, where he is expected to give a speech before announcing cabinet appointments later this afternoon.

Boris Johnson delivers first speech as PM

PM Johnson sets out his stall

Johnson: a new deal, a better deal

In his first address outside No 10, Boris Johnson said there are pessimists at home and abroad who think that after three years of indecision the UK is a prisoner of the old arguments of 2016.

“I am standing before you today to say those critics are wrong,” he said.

“Never mind the backstop – the buck stops here.”

He said that the UK would get a new, better deal from the EU, based on free trade and mutual support. He said he had “every confidence that in 99 days we will have cracked it”, adding that the time has come to act and take decisions to change the country for the better.

Johnson sets out non-Brexit priorities

On crime: he promises 20,000 more policemen

On the NHS: he promises hospital upgrades and more money

One social care: he promises the government “will fix” the problem with a clear plan

On education: he promises to level up per pupil school funding, as previously trailed during his campaign

He goes on to say that all these promises are his “personal responsibility”. “Never mind the backstop, the buck stops here”, he adds.

Mr Johnson also talks about “leveling up” productivity across the four corners of the country, not just London and the south east, and to renew “the ties that bind us together”.

Johnson: difficulties not as bad as some claim

Mr Johnson said he is convinced that the UK can do a Brexit deal without checks at the Irish border, and without the “anti-democratic” backstop on the border.

He added that in the “remote possibility” that Brussels refuses to negotiate and the UK is forced to come out with no deal, then it is best to prepare – not that we want that outcome.

The UK must be ready to come out of the EU customs union and regulatory control – that’s the course this country is now set, he said, adding that the ports will be ready, the banks will be ready, the factories will be ready and the hospitals will be ready.

“And don’t forget in the event of a no deal outcome we will have the lubrication of the £39bn… There will be difficulties but they will be far less than some have claimed.”

Tusk sends his best wishes to new PM

Donald Tusk, president of the European Council, has sent a rather terse letter to the new British prime minister.

Starmer warns Johnson of hard road ahead

Keir Starmer, Labour’s shadow Brexit secretary, gives his response to Mr Johnson’s elevation.

Key takeaways from Johnson’s first speech

- He wants to deliver Brexit before the 99 days left before the deadline – and will travel to Brussels to get a new, better deal. But he will make sure the UK is prepared for a no-deal Brexit should the EU not play ball.

- The Irish backstop is dead as a solution for the border problem after Brexit.

- EU nationals working in the UK will have the right to remain.

- He will target domestic policies on social care, education and policing, as well as improving productivity across the UK.

- There will be a number of policies around the development of free ports – Singapore-style tax-free zones – as well as exemption of the UK’s satellite network and tax breaks for innovation.

Penny Mordaunt leaves from defence

There had been a lot of speculation about what job Penny Mordaunt might be offered in the new government. But it seems we’ll never know. She’s going instead.

She had been defence secretary for under three months, slightly longer than Rory Stewart had been at DFID.

Frost to join as Brexit advisor

The London Chamber of Commerce and Industry has confirmed that David Frost, a former diplomat, will leave to become Boris Johnson’s EU advisor, tasked with helping deliver Brexit. Mr Frost served as the ambassador to Denmark from 2006 to 2008 and foreign policy adviser to Boris Johnson when he was British foreign secretary.

Jeff Adams, chairman of the Board of London Chamber of Commerce and Industry, said: “The reasons that Prime Minister Johnson has invited David to serve in government are why LCCI was so keen to bring David in as our chief executive earlier this year.

“David’s diplomatic, international trade, and business experience is extensive. LCCI has no doubt he will be a key asset to the UK in the next stage of the Brexit negotiations.”

“We wish him all the best in the new role, and he knows from his time with us that London, like all the chambers in our national network, are keen to see a Brexit scenario that ensures businesses will be able to continue to flourish and grow”.”

Liam Fox out from the international trade department

Unlike Penny Mordaunt and Rory Stewart, Liam Fox had been in cabinet for three years while heading the Department for International Trade. A long-standing Brexiter, he too is heading to the backbenches.

Questions will now be asked about the future of the department, which was hastily formed – along with the Department for Exiting the EU – in the weeks after the 2016 referendum.

Resignation watch: Greg Clark

Business secretary Greg Clark has announced his resignation, saying in a series of tweets that he looked “forward to participating fully in the work of Parliament and continuing to serve the people of Tunbridge Wells”.

“I warmly congratulate Boris Johnson on becoming Prime Minister. He is right to appoint a new team for a new premiership and I wish him and them well for the vital work ahead.”

Mr Clark was seen warmly by company executives, holding a weekly Wednesday phone call with business leaders that was held to be a key means of communication with industry. His role in cabinet was also seen as important – an increasingly lone voice for business during the Brexit negotiations – while he pushed forward the PM’s industrial strategy.

Next out of cabinet: Damian Hinds

Education secretary Damian Hinds is the latest cabinet minister out the door.

Boris in Downing Street

Boris Johnson was welcomed by staff as he entered No 10 for the first time. First in the intray: sack the unwanted ministers and invite the next cabinet appointees to receive their posts.

Another one goes: James Brokenshire

May loyalist James Brokenshire becomes the latest to find themselves heading to the backbenches.

Grayling out from transport, Bradley out from N Ireland brief: PA

Chris Grayling is out from the department of transport, according to the Press Association. And Karen Bradley is gone as Northern Ireland secretary.

That puts the number of cabinet departures today into double digits.

Nokes out, taking departures to 13

Caroline Nokes is out from the immigration brief. Her departure was apparently revealed to her on Twitter by a journalist.

With 13 people leaving cabinet today, Johnson’s reshuffle is the most sweeping in decades.

Mundell sacked in cabinet clearout

Another one bits the dust, this time Scottish secretary David Mundell.

Jeremy Hunt out too

Javid, Patel and Raab into Downing Street

The first appointments in the new Boris Johnson cabinet are set to be announced, with Sajid Javid, Priti Patel and Dominic Raab the first to enter Number 10 with the expectation that they will secure some of the biggest roles. Mr Javid has been closely linked with chancellor, Ms Patel with home secretary and Mr Raab with foreign secretary.

Mel Stride latest to go

Mel Stride break Rory Stewart’s record for the shortest tenure being ended today. He’d been the Leader of the House of Commons since May 23.

Claire Perry next out

The minister of state at the department for business, energy and industrial strategy is also leaving, and will become president of the UN climate change conference. Her departure means that the cull from the previous government has reached almost two dozen.

Emoticon Sajid Javid appointed chancellor

Sajid Javid will become Britain’s new chancellor in the first big appointment made by Boris Johnson, replacing Philip Hammond in 11 Downing Street.

The former investment banker has been Home Secretary since last year, and has served as business secretary and in posts in the Treasury in the past.

Emoticon Priti Patel becomes home secretary

Former international development secretary Priti Patel has been appointed as home secretary. Ms Patel, a Thatcherite brexit-supporter, was forced to resign in 2017 for breaching the ministerial code over unauthorised meetings.

Labour responds to Javid appointment

John McDonnell, shadow chancellor, is quick to criticise the appointment of a former Deutsche Bank investment banker to head the Treasury.

Emoticon Dominic Raab becomes foreign secretary

The former Brexit secretary has been picked as foreign secretary, replacing Jeremy Hunt. He’ll also be first secretary of state – which could make him effectively Johnson’s deputy prime minister.

EmoticonStephen Barclay stays at DexEu

Stephen Barclay becomes the first minister confirmed to remain in his existing role, staying in his post as Brexit secretary.

Javid to boost public spending

Sajid Javid, the first person from an ethnic minority to be appointed to run the Treasury, is expected to oversee an expansion of public spending in an attempt to prepare the economy for the turbulence of Brexit, writes the FT’s George Parker.

The former home secretary has previously advocated a £100bn infrastructure fund over the next five years and £50bn for housing, supported by higher borrowing, as well as a programme to recruit 20,000 police officers.

Emoticon Michael Gove appointed head of the cabinet as chancellor of the Duchy of Lancaster

The former environment secretary will stay in the cabinet under Boris Johnson.

EmoticonBen Wallace takes up defence brief

Long-time Boris Johnson ally Ben Wallace has been promoted to defence secretary, replacing Penny Mordaunt. He is a former platoon commander in the Scots Guards.

First elected in 2005, he did not become a minister until a decade later when he became under-secretary in the Northern Ireland office.

After the EU referendum he became security minister in the Home Office, with his portfolio extended to include economic crime in 2017. He supported Remain in the 2016 EU referendum.

Boris Johnson at the Mueller testimony

Devin Nunes, the intelligence committee’s ranking Republican, unexpectedly combined the two biggest stories of the day: Mr Mueller’s appearance on Capitol Hill and Boris Johnson’s rise to the premiership in the UK.

During extended questioning by Mr Nunes that touched on several conspiracy theories long pursued by some Trump backers, committee aides put a photo of Mr Johnson alongside Joseph Mifsud, a Maltese academic who has played a cameo role in the Trump-Russia drama, on an easel behind the dais.

Mr Mifsud has been accused of telling then-Trump aide George Papadopoulos that the Kremlin “had dirt” on Democratic rival Hillary Clinton. Mr Nunes said that James Comey, the former FBI director fired by Mr Trump, had “publicly called Mifsud a Russian agent” and suggested Mr Johnson may have had improper contacts with him.

“What we are trying to figure out here, Mr Mueller, is if our Nato allies or Boris Johnson have been compromised,” Mr Nunes said.

Mr Nunes pointed to the photo in attempt to show evidence Mr Mifsud “has extensive contacts with Western governments and the FBI”. The picture was reportedly taken at a dinner in October 2017, when Mr Johnson was the UK foreign secretary.

For more on Mueller, the FT is live blogging the testimony here

Emoticon Liz Truss joins department for international trade

Liz Truss, previously chief secretary to the Treasury and one of the outgoing cabinet’s most enthusiastic Thatcherites, has been appointed to the department for international trade.

Brutal reshuffle = looming election?

That’s what many, including Labour’s deputy leader, seem to think.

EmoticonMatt Hancock stays at health

After a brief run at the leadership, Matt Hancock became one of Boris Johnson’s biggest supporters. He’s been rewarded with the job he already had: secretary for health and social care.

EmoticonTheresa Villiers takes over at Defra

An arch Brexiter, Theresa Villiers returns to government by taking over from Michael Gove on environment, farming and rural affairs. She has previously been secretary of state for Northern Ireland and a minister in the transport department.

Emoticon Gavin Williamson becomes education secretary

The former chief whip is back in the cabinet, after having lost his job as defence minister over accusations of leaking from the National Security Council only months ago (which he has denied). He has been a core part of the Johnson campaign, helping persuade Tory MPs to back the new PM.

EmoticonNicky Morgan returns as culture secretary

Once a devout Remainer who later signed up to the Malthouse Compromise, Nicky Morgan is back in cabinet, this time with the culture, media and sport brief. She was previously education secretary from July 2014 to July 2016.

Emoticon Andrea Leadsom takes over as business secretary

The pro-Brexit leader of the House of Commons will replace Greg Clark as business secretary, tasked with delivering Boris Johnson’s promise to be the most pro-business prime minister yet.

Emoticon Robert Jenrick appointed housing minister

The main positions have now mostly been handed out but the appointments are still coming. The 37-year-old Robert Jenrick has been appointed secretary of state for housing, communities and local government, having previously been exchequer secretary to the Treasury since 2018.

EmoticonAmber Rudd stays in place

Amber Rudd will keep her job at work and pensions, where she’s grappling with the roll out of universal credit. She is the most high profile europhile in the Johnson’s Brexit-heavy cabinet.

Boris Johnson forms his first cabinet

Most of the major appointments have been made in Boris Johnson’s first government, with many of his Eurosceptic supporters winning key roles as he prepares to take the UK out of the EU at the end of October with or without a deal.

Even after one of the brutal cabinet overhauls in recent history – clearing out more than a dozen former ministers – most of the new cabinet are familiar names. But the new chancellor Sajid Javid in particular will be immediately called on to secure the UK’s future prosperity with an expected expansion of public spending.

Thanks for reading and goodnight.