The school for Africa’s first ladies

Bess Truman once famously quipped that her job as first lady entailed little more than sitting “quietly on the podium next to her husband” and making sure “her hat was on straight”.

Times are different, of course, and while the position of first lady comes with no pay and no official responsibilities in most countries, a new fellowship programme developed by the Rand Corporation, the non-for-profit research organisation, is trying to change that. The programme, which is held at Rand’s office in Arlington, Virginia, aims to help African first ladies and their staff develop analysis skills that will enable them to exert a bigger role in health and social policy across the continent.

I spoke recently to Gery Ryan, a member of the Pardee Rand Graduate School faculty and Rand senior social scientist, who helps lead the fellowship. He told me:

“In most countries, if you asked ‘who is the woman at the top?’ the answer is ‘the first lady’. The first lady sits at the pinnacle of society. She can pick up the phone and talk to just about anyone she wants. Her favorability ratings are often higher than her husband’s. So why aren’t first ladies more powerful and influential entities? Because they are leaders without authority. We want to help them lead.”

“In the US the first lady role has moved beyond just the social secretary of the White House. Today first ladies here [and in other countries] take on issues and causes where they can really make a difference. It is an evolutionary process that has already started, and we want to put that process on steroids.”

Seminars aim to help first ladies understand how to deal effectively with constituents and donors, how to start an NGO, and how to foster good press relationships.

Over a two-year period, first ladies and fellows – mostly chiefs of staff and other advisers to first ladies – will develop and implement a plan to address one of their country’s top challenges, such as maternal and child health or education.

“To be influential, they have to be apolitical,” he says. “The goal is to treat first ladies as agents of change. I believe that if you put $200,000 into the first lady’s office in [a given country in] Africa, the return would be massive. I want to see the world to recognise that the role of first lady is a real profession.”

This blog is no longer updated but it remains open as an archive.

The 'Women at the Top' blog is part of a series of online and print publications that focuses on women's achievements in business. With up-to-date news and incisive analysis, the blog will provoke discussion on the role of the world's most prominent businesswomen.

For more Women at the Top news, video interviews and other features, visit


About our bloggers

Liz Bolshaw

Liz Bolshaw is a business journalist and editor. She has been a successful book publisher, online editor, magazine editor and publisher.

She was launch editor of the Europe-wide online community Entrepreneur Country, has published magazines for PwC, 3i, dunhill and Bafta, and launched The Sharp Edge, a magazine for and about entrepreneurs, with Duncan Bannatyne. She is a regular contributor to Thomson Reuters’ Venture Capital Journal.

Her last project for the Financial Times was as editor of the paper’s Business Education magazine.

Rebecca Knight

Rebecca Knight is a freelance journalist based in Boston. She writes regularly for the FT on business education, entrepreneurship, and management.

Andrew Hill

Andrew Hill is an associate editor and the management editor of the FT. He was City editor of the FT and editor of the daily Lombard column on British business and finance from September 2006 to December 2010.

He was the FT’s financial editor from June 2005 to September 2006, with overall responsibility for coverage of companies and markets. Before becoming financial editor, he was the FT’s comment & analysis editor, in charge of the paper’s opinion and features pages.

From 1999 to 2003, he was the FT’s New York bureau chief. He joined the FT in 1988 and has also worked as foreign news editor, UK companies reporter and correspondent in Brussels and Milan.

Pino Bethencourt

Pino Bethencourt is a professor and leadership expert at IE Business School in Madrid. She is also an author and executive coach.

Lynda Gratton

Lynda Gratton is professor of management practice at London Business School.

Linda Tarr-Whelan

Linda Tarr-Whelan, former ambassador to the UN commission on the status of women, is a Demos distinguished senior fellow.